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RSPT chp 4 egans

infection prevention and control

QuestionAnswer
What do infection control procedures aim to do eliminate the sources of agents, create barriers to there transmission, monitor the effectiveness of control
3 elements present in spread of infection source of pathogens, susceptible hosts, route of transmission
host factors increasing the chance of infection are Poorly controlled diabetes, increased age, chemo, placement of tubes and cath
Sources of infectious agents Humans, inanimate objects, workers In hospital
Steps in decreasing host susceptibility Shots, ventilators, limit the use of devices, prevention bundles
Steps to interrupting the route of transmission Special equipment handling, barrier precautions, disposable equipment
Standard precautions apply to Blood, all body fluids, nonintact skin, mucous membranes
What is involved in PPE Gloves, masks, n-95, gowns
contact precautions Gowns, gloves, most common to reduce spread of drug resistant organisms
droplet precautions Generated with coughing, sneezing, suctioning bronchoscopy and cough induction and surgical mask must be worn
Airborne infection isolation Isolation technique intended to reduce risk of selected small droplet such as tuberculosis, use of n-95 respirator room must be negatively pressured and 2 air exchanges per hour and use HEPA filters
disinfection Destroys vegetative forms of all pathogens except bacterial spores, pasteurization is most common physical method
sterilization Destroys all microorganisms, steam sterile. Is the most common and easiest
Created by: pearlekg