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Men's Cutting

Ch. 15 Men's Cutting and Styling BSP

TermDefinition
Angle The space between two lines or surfaces that intersect at a given point; in haircutting, the hair is held away from the head to create an angle of elevation
Arching technique method used to cut around the ears and down the sides of the neck
blow-dry styling the drying and styling of the hair with a blow-dryer and implements of fingers
clipper-over-comb cutting over a comb with clippers
crest the widest area of the head, also known as the parietal ridge, temporal region, hatband, or horseshoe.
cutting above the fingers method of holding the hair section between the fingers so that cutting can be performed on the outside of the fingers; used with horizontal or vertical 90-degree projections of hair.
cutting below the fingers method of holding the section of hair between the fingers so that cutting can be performed on the inside of the fingers; used on 0- and 45-degree elevation cutting.
cutting line the position of the fingers when cutting a section of hair.
design line usually the perimeter line of the haircut.
diagonal lines positioned between horizontal and vertical lines
elevation angle or degree at which a subsection of hair is held, or elevated, from the head when cutting, also referred to as projection.
envisioning the process of visualizing a procedure or finished haircut style.
oval facial shape facial shape that is balanced, referred to as the ideal facial shape.
Round facial shape the aim is to slim the face. create some height on top to lengthen the look of the face.
Inverted Triangular Facial shape potential problems are over-wide cheekbones and narrow jawline.
Square Facial Shape minimize the angular features at the forehead; a beard should be styled to slenderize the face.
Pear-shaped Facial shape is narrow at the top and wide on the bottom.
Oblong Facial Shape long face needs to be visually shortened and the angularity hidden. a mustache helps to shorten.
Diamond Facial Shape aim to fill out face at temples and chin.
finger-and-shear technique used to cut hair by holding the hair into a position to be cut.
freehand shear cutting cutting with shears with out the use of fingers or a comb to control the hair.
freehand slicing method of removing bulk from a hair section with the shears.
guide section of hair, located at either the perimeter or the interior of the cut, that determines the length the hair will be cut; also referred
hair-locking the process that occurs when coily hair is allowed to developed on its natural state without the use of combs, heat, or chemicals. also referred to as deadlocks.
Horizontal lines parallel to the horizon
layers graduated effect achieved by cutting the hair with elevation or over-direction; the hair is cut at higher elevations, usually 90 degrees or above, which removes weight.
outlining finish work of a haircut with shears, trimmers, or razors.
over-direction combining a section away from its natural falling position, rather than straight out from the head, toward the guideline; used to create increasing length in the interior or perimeter.
Parietal ridge widest area of the head, also known as the crest, hatband, horseshoe, or temporal region.
Part a line that divides the hair at the scalp.
parting a line dividing the hair of the scalp that separates one section of hair from another or creates subsections from a larger section.
projection angel or elevation that hair is held from head for cutting.
razor-over-comb texturizing technique in which the comb and the razor are used on the surface of the hair.
razor rotation texturizing technique similar to razor-over-comb, done with small circular motions.
reference points points on the head that mark where the surface of the head changes or the behavior of the hair changes, such as ears, jaw line, occipital bone, apex, etc.; used to establish design lines that are proportionate.
rolling the comb out a method used to put the hair into position for cutting by combing into the hair with the teeth of the comb in an upward direction.
shear-over-comb haircutting technique in which the hair is held in place with the comb while the shears are used to remove length.
shear-point tapering haircutting techniques used to thin out difficult areas in the haircut, such as dips and hollows.
stationary guide guideline that does not move, but all the other hair is brought to it for cutting.
tapered haircuts in which there is an even blend from very short at the hairline to longer lengths as you move up the head; to taper is to narrow progressively at one end.
tension amount of pressure applied when combing and holding a section, created by stretching or pulling the section.
texturizing removing excess bulk without shortening the length; changing the appearance or behavior of hair through specific haircutting techniques using shears, thinning shears, clippers or a razor.
thinning removing bulk from the hair.
traveling guide guideline that moves as the haircutting progresses; used when creating layers or graduation; moveable guidelines.
vertical lines that are straight up and down
weight line a visual line in the haircut, where the ends of the hair hang together; the line of maximum length within the weight area; heaviest perimeter area of a 0-degree (one-length) or 445-degree (graduated) cut.
Created by: BSPittsburgh
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