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chapter 9 forensics

TermDefinition
controlled substance drug or other chemical compound whose manufactures, distribution,possession and use is regulated by the legal system.
drug chemical substance that affects the process of the mind or body; a substance used in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of a disease; a substance used recreationally for its effects on the mind or body, such as a narcotic or hallucinogen
narcotic addictive drug, such as opinion, that relieves pain, alters mood and behavior and causes sleep or feelings of mental numbness.
poison naturally occurring or manufactured substance that can cause sever harm or death if ingested, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin
toxicity degree to which a substance is poisonous or can cause injury
toxin poisonous substance naturally produced by certain plants, animals and bacteria that is capable of causing disease or death in humans; a subgroup of poisons
intentionally drugs taken to treat an illness or relieve pain
accidentally ingested or exposes as in unintentional overdoses or harmful combinations
deliberately as in suicide or exposures intended to harm or kill others
hallucinogens often derived from plants and affect users perception, thinking, self-awareness and emotion
MDMA (ecstasy) increased heart rate and blood pressure, muscle cramps, panic attack, seizures, loss of consciousness, stroke, kidney failure, death
mescaline hallucinations, euphoria, dizziness, vomiting, increased heart rate, dilated pupils, diarrhea, headaches, anxiety, irrationality of thoughts.
LSD dilated pupils, loss of appetite, sleeplessness, increase in body temperature, increase heart rate and blood pressure, sweating, dry mouth, tremors, confusion, distortion of reality, and hallucinations.
PCP difficulty breathing, low blood pressure, weakness, dizziness, confusion, loss of consciousness, coma, cold clammy skin, small pupils
heroin, codeine, morphine difficulty breathing, low blood pressure, coma, spasms of the stomach or intestines, constipation, nausea, vomiting, sleepiness, blue fingernails and lips, death
methadone difficulty breathing, drowsiness, coma, low blood pressure, muscle twitches, blue fingernails and lips
oxycodone slow, difficulty breathing, seizures, dizziness, weakness, loss of consciousnesses, coma, confusion, tiredness, cold clammy skin, small pupils
stimulants increase feelings of energy and alertness while suppressing appetite
amphetamines (speed) high blood pressure, rapid heart rate, agitation, irregular heartbeat, stroke, seizure, coma, death
cocaine/ crack dangerous rise in body temperature, sweating, tremors, seizures, irregular heartbeats, stroke, confusion, heart attack, bleeding in the brain, death
methamphetamines dangerous rise in body temperature, profuse sweating, confusion, raid breathing, increased heart rate, dilated pupils, high blood pressure, kidney failure, bleeding in the brain, death
anabolic steroids promote cell and tissue growth and division
depressants drugs that relieve anxiety and produce sleep
venom toxin secreted by an animal that can be transferred to humans
alcohols all are toxic to the body
bacterial toxins caused by a bacteria
botulism most poisonous biological substance known to humans. acts as a neurotoxin
clostridium tetani bacteria that produces tetanus
heavy metals lead, mercury, arsenic
pesticides accumulate in fatty tissue, anxiety, seizures, twitching, rapid heartbeat, muscle weakness, sweating, salivation, diarrhea, tearing, coma and death
lead nausea, abdominal pain, insomnia, headache, weight loss, constipation, anemia, kidney problems, vomiting, seizures, coma and death. blue discoloration along gum line in mouth
mercury Mad Hatter's disease progressive disease as it absorbed into skin and lungs
arsenic within 30 minutes produces abdominal pain, severe nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, dryness of the throat, difficulty speaking, muscle cramps, convulsions, kidney failures, delirium, and death
cyanide fatal in 6-8 minutes, rapidly causes weakness, confusion, coma and pink skin from high blood oxygen. saturation produces an almond like odor
strychnine enters body by inhalation or absorption through eyes or mouth. body spasms, temperature, violent convulsions, and rigor mortis within minutes.
ricin component of waste product of manufacturing of castor oil
anthrax caused by bacterium Bacillus anthracis; forms endospores
opium difficulty breathing, low blood pressure, weakness, dizziness, confusion, loss of consciousness, coma, cold clammy skin, small pupils
Created by: mrsklann