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Pharmacology Exam review and Reverse Defs

QuestionAnswer
Define drug Chemical substance that affects the mind/body, Used in diagnosis and treatment or prevention of disease, Illegal substances
What is a prescription repeat a continuation of a long-term medication(s)
What is prescription renewal Extension of prescriptions that have run out (for short term illness)
What is sustained-release a delay in the active absorption of the medication
What are drugs classified by Function, Effects and Body Systems
Name different effects of drugs Therapeutic action- the purpose for giving the drug. Side effects/adverse effects-every drug has potential side effects. Allergies- a serious reaction to drug.
Classifications of drug by scope of action Local-when drug effects the site of the application only. Systemic-when drug circulates through the blood stream. Cumulative- when drug accumulates faster than it can be metabolized.
Classifications of drug by use Therapeutic-taken to relieve symptoms. Diagnostic-used to perform tests (barium swallow) Curative-given to overcome a disease (antibiotics) Replacement-used to replace hormones or insulin. Prophylactic-given to prevent (vaccination) or decrease severity.
Four names given to a single drug Chemical, Generic, Trade, Botanical
Two method of dispensing drugs prescription (Rx) or over-the-counter (OTC)
What is enteric-coated allows pills to by pass stomach (avoids stomach irritation by dissolving in small intestine).
What is a pharmacist a health professional who is trained in preparing and dispensing of drugs
What is pharmacology the study/description of drugs, their compositions, actions and effects. A biological science
What is a pharmacy a licensed business involved in dispensing of drugs.
When are drug errors more likely to be made when taken verbally(over the phone) or transcription errors due to bad handwriting.
synergism combination of two drugs that causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone.
inhalation administration of drugs in gaseous or vapour form through mouth or nose
antidote agent given to counteract an unwanted effect of drug
stimulant agent that excites and promote activity
antihypertensive agent that lowers blood pressure
hypnotic agent that produces sleep
iatrogenic an effect that is produced as an individual sensitivity to a drug
side effect an effect that routinely results from the use of a drug
parenteral by injection or intravenous administration
antibiotic chemical substance that inhibits or kills foreign organisms
systemic circulating through the bloodstream to produce a general effect on the body
brand name commercial name for drug, trade name
tolerance drug action in which larger and larger doses must be given to achieve desired effect (over time)
antihistamine drug that blocks the action of natural histamines in body and relives allergy symptoms
antidepressant drug that is used to relieve symptoms of depression
anticonvulsant drug that prevents convulsions
emetic drug that promotes vomiting
antidiarrheal drug that is used to prevent diarrhea
antiarrhythmic drug that helps to restore heart rhythm to regular cycle
antacid drug which neutralizes acid in the stomach
anesthetic drug which reduces or eliminates sensation
analgesic drug that relieves pain
topical drug applied on the skin or mucus membranes
controlled drugs drugs defined by federal law to which special rules apply because they are liable to be abused
oral drugs given by mouth
sublingual drugs given under the tongue
rectal drugs inserted via the anus into the rectum
contraindications factors in a patient's condition that prevents the use of a drug treatment
narcotic habit forming drug that relieves pain
toxicity harmful effects of a drug
anaphylaxis hypersensitive reaction of the body to a drug or foreign organism
syringe instrument for introducing or withdrawing of fluids from the body
sedative mildly hypnotic drug that relaxes without necessarily producing sleep
transport movement of a drug across a cell membrane into body cells
fixed oils oils extracted primarily from plants, that do not evaporate
volatile oils oils extracted primarily from plants that do evaporate
aerosols particles of medication suspended in air
opthalmic pertaining to the eye
vitamin substances found in food which are essential for life
receptor target substance with which a drug interacts in the body
cumulative action the concentration of a drug may increase with each dose due to half life of previous doses
absorption the process by which medication is taken into the body, broken down, and transformed into a form that the body can use
distribution the process by which metabolites are transported to various parts of the body
metabolism the process of breaking down a drug or other substance into metabolites used by the body
half-life the time required by the body to metabolize half the amount of the drug ingested
additive action the total effect that two drugs have in combination is equal to the sum of the effects of each
otic via ear
Created by: amatt
 

 



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