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Compounds & Molecule

TermDefinition
Polymer Large chain-like molecule made of small units called monomers.
Polyatomic Ions A group of covalently bonded atoms that have lost or gained electrons.
Empirical Formula Simplest ratio of atoms within a compound. (EX: HO)
Molecular Formula Tells actual numbers of atoms in a molecule of a compound (EX: H2O2)
Organic Compounds Covalently bonded compounds that contain carbon.
Alkenes Hydrocarbons, has at least one double bonds, and names end in -ene.
Alcohols Made of oxygen, carbon, and hydrogen. Names end in -ol.
Biochemical Polymers Some examples include Carbohydrates and Proteins.
Compound Substance made of atoms of 2 or more different elements.
Chemical Bonds Attractive force that joins different atoms or ions together in a compound. They can break.
Chemical Structure How atoms are arranged in a compound.
Bond length Distance between nuclei of 2 bonded atoms.
Bond Angles Angle formed by 2 bonds to same atom.
Bonding Valence electrons determine an atoms ability to form chemical bonds.
Lewis Dot Structure Diagrams that show the bonding between atoms of a molecule and the lone pairs of electrons that exist.
Ionic Bonds Strong bond formed by attraction of oppositely charged atoms. (Metals and nonmetals)
Covalent Bonding Formed when atoms share one or more pairs of electrons. They occur between NONMETALS.
Metallic Bonds Attraction between metal ions and the electrons surrounding them.
Created by: caitlinloveee