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Physical Properties

All Vocab. words learned this year

TermDefinition
accuracy the quality of being near the true value
balance equipment used to measure mass
boiling point temperature at which a liquid turns to gas
brittle breaking into small pieces if bent or pressed
calibrate to mark off lines on measuring equipment for the desired unit
centimeter cubed cm3; a unit of volume derived from length times width times height
chemical property a characteristic of a pure substance that describes its ability to change into different substances
compress to squeeze or press together
condensation point temperature at which a gas to turn liquid
conductor a material that does allow electricity or heat to pass through easily
density an object’s mass compared to its volume. Mass divided by volume is density.
deposition a gas changing into a solid without changing into a liquid
dissolve to break into pieces too small to be seen
ductile able to be pulled into long, thin wires
flexible able to bend without breaking
freezing point temperature at which a liquid turns to solid
gas a state of matter having indefinite volume, indefinite shape, with particles bouncing around and not touching each other
graduated cylinder equipment use to measure liquid volume
gram an SI unit to measure mass; 1g = 0.001kg; there are 1000g in 1 kilogram
gram per centimeter cubed g/cm3; a derived unit used to measure density of a solid
gram per milliliter g/mL; a derived unit used to measure density of a liquid
insulator a material that does not allow electricity or heat to pass through easily
kilogram the SI base unit to measure mass; 1 kg = 1000g
kinetic theory a physics theory that all matter is made of moving particles in random motion
liquid a state of matter having definite volume, indefinite shape, with particles touching, and sliding around each other
liter the SI unit to measure volume of liquids
luster shininess; the property of something that shines with reflected light.
magnetic material that is attracted to magnets
malleable able to be hammered or pressed into flat sheets
mass he amount of matter (atoms) in a substance; measured in grams and kilograms
matter anything that has mass and volume (takes up space)
melting point temperature at which a solid turns to liquid
meniscus the curve on the upper surface of a liquid in a container caused by surface tension
milliliter an SI unit to measure volume of liquids; 0.001 of a liter; there are 1000 mL in 1 Liter.
phases of matter solids, liquids, gases, and plasma; also called states of matter
physical property a characteristic of a pure substance that can be observed without changing it into another substance
plasma a state of matter consisting of ionized (electrically charged) particles
precision the amount of detail or refinement in measurement
solid a state of matter having definite volume, definite shape, with particles vibrating, touching and locked into place
soluble able to dissolve
states of matter solids, liquids, gases, and plasma; also called phases of matter
sublimation turning from solid to gas without turning into a liquid
texture how something feels, especially whether it is bumpy or smooth
unit a single, undivided whole; a quantity chosen as a standard for measurement
volume the amount of space an object takes up or the amount of space a container holds
weight the measure of the pull of gravity on a substance
Created by: 3081740