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BAV List for RTI

Literature BAV for MAPS for 4/5 RTI

TermDefinition
alliteration practice of beginning several consecutive or neighboring words with the same sound
imagery consist of words or phrases a writer uses to represent persons, objects, actions, feelings, and ideas descriptively by appealing to the 5 senses. The writer "paints" a picture with his words.
metaphor comparison of two unlike things NOT using "like" or "as"
narration telling of a story in writing or speaking
onomatopoeia use of words that mimic the sounds they describe
personification kind of metaphor that gives non-living objects or ideas human characteristics
plot sequence of events or actions in a piece of writing (or a play)
point of view perspective from which a story is told (first person, or third person);
pun play on words that are identical or similar in sound but have sharply diverse meanings
rhyme repetition of sounds in two or more words or phrases that appear close to each other in a poem
setting in writing/reading, time and place in which events take place
simile comparison of two or more things or ideas through the use of the words "like" or "as"
verse work of poetry
theme underlying meaning or main idea of a story
protagonist central, main character of a story
antagonist character who opposes the main character
climax turning point of the story; most exciting part of a story; reveals secrets and missing details; conflict becomes clear
character person or animal which takes part in the action of a story
conflict opposition of forces, essential to the plot; struggle between two forces;
symbolism the practice or art of using an object or a word to represent an abstract idea. An action, person, place, word, or object can all have a symbolic meaning.
episode an incident, scene, etc., within a narrative
idiom an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meanings of its constituent elements, as kick the bucket or hang one's head
assonance resemblance of sounds; Also called vowel rhyme. Prosody. rhyme in which the same vowel sounds are used with different consonants in the stressed syllables of the rhyming words, as in penitent and reticence.
consonance accord or agreement; correspondence of sounds; harmony of sounds; in Music. a simultaneous combination of tones conventionally accepted as being in a state of rest
flashback a device in the narrative of a movie, novel, etc. that pauses the action to comment or portray a scene that happened earlier; narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work.
hyperbole obvious and intentional exaggeration; an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally, as “to wait an eternity.”
foreshadow to show or indicate beforehand; give a warning in the text before an event takes place; a hint of things to come--usually bad
irony the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
oxymoron a figure of speech by which two words together produces an inconsistent, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in “cruel kindness” or “to make haste slowly.
Third person omniscient point of view a method of storytelling in which the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of ALL of the characters in the story; it's the ALL-KNOWING narrator who knows EVERYTHING
Third person limited point of view which adheres closely to one character's perspective; only tells about that person
genre a class or category of music, literature having a particular form, content, technique; classification system
legend unverifiable story handed down by tradition from earlier times and popularly accepted as historical; mostly told orally
moral expressing or conveying truths as to right conduct, behavior; a lesson in character traits
primary source In the study of history, a primary source (also called original source or evidence) is an artifact, a document, a recording, or other source of information that was created at the time under study.
theme central idea in a piece of literature; also indicates a message or a moral
inference mental process by which we reach a conclusion based on specific text evidence. We infer motives, purpose, and intentions through the actions and behavior of the characters.
assumption a belief that is taken for granted without verifying the truth
stakeholder those who stand to gain or lose from an event or situation
rising action includes all of the events leading up the the conflict; characters interact and the story moves forward
exposition provides reader with useful background information; events that introduce the characters, setting and conflict
falling action occurs after the climax of the story; focuses on the results and how characters react to the climax; result of the climax
resolution ties up the loose ends and relieves the reader of anxiety and tension
allergory story that is used to teach something; parables in the Bible and Aesop's fables are examples
allusion reference to a well-known person, myth, historical event, biblical story, etc. An example--It's as bad as the sinking of the Titanic."
first person POV story is told from the perspective of the narrator; readers cannot know or witness anything the narrator does not tell
second person POV narrator speaks directly to the reader as in direct dialogue. Example "You know by now that Andre is a bad guy..."
irony sophisticated humor in relaying a message, often saying something that is opposite or the reverse could be true; Authors use this to say one thing when they mean another
tone & mood attitude an author takes toward a subject or character, such as hateful, serious, humorous, sarcastic, solemn. Author uses this in descriptions of the setting, dialogue and characterization
compare/contrast text text that describes the similarities and differences between two or more things, places, events, ideas, etc. signal words: although, as well, however, otherwise, yet, similarily
problem/solution text text that identifies an issue and how the issue is solved. Signal words: because, consequently, despite, it....then, resolved, problem is, result, so that...
cause/effect text text that explains how or why something happened signal words: as a result of, thereby, therefore, when....then
chronological/sequential text text that provides information in order of time, sequence or as a process. Signal words: after, another, before, during, first, following, immediately, initially, last, preceding, second, soon
descriptive text text that provides details that could be a list or an outline; signal words: above, across, along, appears to be, as in, behind, between, down, for example, for instance, such as, in particular
bandwagon technique implication that "everyone else is doing this"
card stacking technique distorting or omitting facts to sway the audience
name-calling technique stereotyping people or ideas
glittering generalities technique using "good" labels, such as patriotic, beautiful, exciting, that are unsupported by facts
testimonial technique endorsement by a famous person
snob appeal technique implication that only the richest, smartest, or most important people are using this product
transference technique association of a respected person with a product or idea
windows a vicarious experience to supersede the limits of the readers' own lives and identities; learning something different from a text
mirrors readers see something of themselves in the text; reflects back to the readers their identities, cultures or experiences
Signposts Six critical features that are noticeable points in a text, passages that DEMAND a reader pause & reflect, or, notice & note
contrasts & contradictions sharp contrast between what we would expect and what we observe the character doing; behavior that contradicts previous behavior or well-established patterns
Aha moment a character's realization of something that shifts his actions or understanding or himself, others or the world around him
Tough questions questions a characters raises that reveal his or her inner struggle
Word of the Wiser advice or insight a wiser character, who is usually older, offers about life to the main character
Again & Again events, images, or particular words that recur over a portion of the novel
Memory Moment recollection by a character that interrupts the forward progress of the story
Created by: hughev