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NSU Psych 101

NSU Chapter 10

motivation the force that moves people to behave, think and feel the way they do
instinct an innate, biological pattern of behavior that is assumed to be universal throughout a species
drive an aroused state that occurs becuase of a physiological need
need a deprivation that energizes the drive to eliminate or reduce the deprivation
Homeostasis the body's tendency to maintain an equilibrium or steady state
Yerkes-Dodson law Principle stating that performance is best under conditions of moderate arousal rather than low or high arousal
set point the weight maintained when no effort is made to gain or lose weight
anorexia nervosa an eating disorder that involves the relentless pursuit of thinness through starvation
bulimia nervosa an eating disorder in which the individual consistently follows a binge and purge eating pattern
hierarchy of needs Maslow's view that individuals' main needs are satistied in the following sequence: physiological, safety, love and belongingness, esteem and self-actualization
self actualization the highest and most elusive of Maslow's needs; the motivation to develop one's full potential as a human being
intrinsic motivation motivation that is based on internal factors such as organixmic nees, as well as curiosity, challenge and effort
extrinsic motivation motivation that involves external incentives such as rewards and punishments
self regulation the process by which an organism pursues important objectives, centrally involving getting feedback about how we are doing in our goal pursuits
James-Lange Theory theory stating that emotion results from physiological states triggered by stimuli in the environment
Cannon-Bard Theory theory stating that emotion and physiological reactions occur simultaneously
Two factor theory of emotion Schacter and Singer's theory that emotion is determined by two main factors: physiological arousal and cognitive labeling
display rules sociocultural standards that determine when, where and how emotions should be expressed
Created by: Sadiqah