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PSY Ch. 15, 16, 13

TermDefinition
deviance is this deviant? socially acceptable?
maladaptive unhealthy? for job, social life?
personal distress is it bothering the person?
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) this book outlines the system for classifying psychological disorders
axis 1 clinical disorders
axis 2 personality disorders and mental retardation
axis 3 general medical conditions
axis 4 psychosocial and environmental problems
axis 5 global assessment of functioning
comorbid two or more disorders occuring at the same time together
generalized anxiety disorder high level of anxiety about minor things
phobic disorder phobia meets clinical criteria
panic disorder panic attacks
agoraphobia fear of leaving house
OCD uncontrollable obsessions
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) soldiers, reliving war police officers intense, traumatic experience that is relived later on
Multiple Personality Disorder involves coexistent personalities in one person-product of Western culture?? not the same as schizophrania
Major Depressive Disorder persistent feelings of sadness & despair & loss of interest in previous sources of pleasure average episode length: 6 months
Anhedonia major characteristic of MDD loss of interest in activities
Bipolar disorder marked by experience of both depressed and manic periods manic-hyper depressed- major depression
Genetic Factors heredity can cause predisposition
Neurochemical Factors Abnormal levels of norepinephrine and serotonin may contribute
cognitive factors learned helplessness model
Schizophrenia- Delusions and Irrational Thought nonlinear thoughts
Schizophrenia-Deterioration of Adaptive Behavior hygiene suffers
Schizophrenia-Distorted Perception auditory hallucinations most commons
Hallucinations sensory perceptions that occur in absence of real, external stimulus
Schizophrenia-Disturbed Emotion flattening of emotions or inappropriate emotional responses to situations
Clinical Psychologist mental
Counseling Psychologist everyday
Psychiatrist medical doctor who specializes in diagnosing & treating patients. Can prescribe medicine due to medical training
counselor usually has Master's degree. Tends to be more short term and more for a specific problem
insight therapies clients engage in lengthy verbal discussions with therapists
behavior therapies this therapy involves direct efforts to alter problematic responses and bad habits
biomedical therapies therapy that manipulates physiology to improve functioning
psychoanalysis developed by Freud recovery of unconscious
free association spontaneously express thought or feelings
resistance block process of therapy (late, make joke, etc)
transference start to see therapist as part of family
client-centered therapy Carl Rogers all about environment therapist job-listen directed by client
aversion therapy uses classical conditioning to create negative response to a stimulus that has created a problematic behavior
social skills training designed to improve interpersonal skills by emphasizing modeling, behavior rehearsal and shaping
modeling model proper social behavior
rehearsal practice with client
shaping reward client offer doing something correctly
cognitive behavioral therapy attempt to correct errors in thinking and modify behavior
Physical Attractiveness Stereotype people who are physically attractive tend to be higher rated in other traits
Stereotype widely held belief that people have certain characteristics because of membership to a particular group
cognitive schema organized cluster of ideas about categories of social events and people
illusory correlation people estimate they have encountered more confirmations of an association between social traits than they have actually
ingroup people we associate with
outgroup people you don't associate with
attributions inferences people draw about causes of events, others behavior and own behavior
fundamental attribution error people tend to explain other people's behavior as a result of internal attributions
self-serving bias people tend to attribute their success to personal (internal) factors and their failures to situational (external) factors.
matching hypothesis males & females of equal physical attractiveness tend to date each other
attitude similarity similarity seems to cause liking
conformity occurs when people yield to teal or imagined social pressure
obedience form of compliance that occurs when people follow direct commands, usually from someone in authority
bystander effect people are less likely to help someone if they are in group vs. if they are by themselves
Created by: kaelanvogt