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energy vocabulary

work when a force moves an object through a distance
energy the ability to do work or cause change
kinetic energy energy of motion
potential energy stored energy
elastic potential energy energy of stretching or compressing objects
gravitational potential energy energy an object as a result of height or position
mechanical energy energy of motion or sound
thermal energy the measure of the energy of the particles in an object. When increased it feels warmer.
chemical energy energy stored in chemical bonds
electrical energy energy carried by the flow of electrical charges (plugged in)
electromagnetic energy that travels in waves (light, infrared), also called radiant
nuclear energy energy stored in the nucleus of an atom
energy conversion a change from one form of energy to another
Law of Conservation of Energy states that matter cannot be created or destroyed
sun energy source for all fossil fuels
fossil fuels called non-renewable because of the time to form
coal, oil, natural gas fossil fuels, nonrenewable
refinery factory where oil is converted into fuel
generator machine that turns fuel into electricity
plant a factory where nuclear fuel is made into electricity
nuclear fission splitting of atoms into 2 smaller nuclei for energy
solar energy energy from the sun. renewable
wind energy energy from moving air. renewable
hydroelectric energy energy from moving water. renewable
biomass energy energy from once living things. renewable
geothermal energy energy from heat within the Earth. renewable
renewable energy energy constantly supplied or replaced quickly.
Created by: sharon_eberle1