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Paramedic Care

Pulmonary

QuestionAnswer
acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) form of pulmonary edema that is caused by fluid accumulation in the interstitial space w/in the lungs
apnea absence of breathing
asphyxia decrease in the amount of oxygen and an increase in the amount of carbon dioxide as a result of respiration interference
bradypnea slow respiration
carbaminohemoglobin hemoglobin with carbon dioxide bound
carboxyhemoglobin hemoglobin with carbon monoxide bound
carina point at which the trachea bifurcates into the right and left mainstem bronchi
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) a disease characterized by a decreased ability of the lungs to perform ventilation
cor pulmonale hypertrophy of the right ventricle resulting from disorders of the lung
crepitus crackling sounds
cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin caused by reduced hemoglobin in the blood
deoxyhemoglobin hemoglobin w/o oxygen
diaphoresis sweatiness
diffusion movement of molecules through a membrane from an area of greater concentration to an area of lesser concentration
dyspnea difficult or labored breathing
flail chest one or more ribs fractured in two or more places, creating an unattached rib segment
free radicals molecules, atoms, or ions with an odd number of electrons that can be formed through interaction with oxygen and can cause damage to body cells
hemoglobin oxygen-bearing molecule in the red blood cells
hemoptysis expectoration of blood from the respiratory tree
hemothorax collection of blood in the pleural space
hyperoxia higher than normal oxygen levels
hypoxia state in which insufficient oxygen is available to meet the oxygen requirements of the cells
nasal flaring excessive widening of the nares with respiration
normoxia normal levels of oxygen
orthopnea difficulty breathing while lying supine
oxidative stress damage to body cells and tissues caused by the presence of free radicals
oxyhemoglobin hemoglobin with oxygen bound
pallor paleness
paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea sudden episode of difficult breathing that occurs after lying down
perfusion circulation of blood through the capillaries
pH potential of hydrogen; a measure of acidity or alkalinity; WNL 7.35 - 7.45
pleuritic sharp tearing pain
pneumothorax collection of air in the pleural space causing a loss in negative pressure that binds the lung to the chest wall.
polycythemia excess of red blood cells
positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) method of holding the alveoli open by increasing expiratory pressure
reactive oxygen species (ROS) free radicals
respiration exchange of gases b/w living organism and its environment
spontaneous pneumothorax a pneumothorax that occurs spontaneously, in absence of blunt/penetrating trauma
subcutaneous emphysema presence of air in the subcutaneous tissue
surfactant compound secreted by the lungs that contributes to the elastic properties of the pulmonary tissues
tachycardia rapid heart rate, greater than 100 bpm
tachypnea rapid respiration
tactile fremitus vibratory tremors felt through the chest by palpation
tracheal deviation any position of the trachea other than midline
tracheal tugging retraction of the tissues of the neck due to airway obstrutiction or dyspnea
ventilation mechanical process of moving air in and out of the lungs
Created by: 100002976529457