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PT101 Terminology #3

TermDefinition
Admixture Substance produced by mixing 2 or more substances
Aerosol Med dosage form that contains a gaseous substance consisting of fine liquid or solid particles
Amphetamines Substances that are frequently abused as a stimulant med; they can be used to treat medical conditions of narcolepsy & eating disorders
Anticholinergic Substance that inhibits hypersecretion & GI motility
Antiemetic Relieves nausea & vomiting
Antispasmodic relieves stomach muscle spasms
Arrhythmia Irregular heartbeat
Arteriosclerosis Condition characterized by thickening & hardening of the arteries
Benzodiazepine Substance used to treat anxiety disorders
Compound Substances made from combo of 2 or more substances
Congestive Heart Failure Condition where the heart has lost it's ability to pump blood in & out
Corticosteroids Substances used to prevent minor asthma attacks or to treat severe attacks
Dementia Disease characterized progressive memory loss as well learning & thinking disorders; often leads to Alzhemir's
Edema Abnormal swelling of the body, caused by an increased build-up of fluids in tissues & organs
Effervescent tablet tablet that is dissolved into liquid before admin
Electrolytes Salts that the body requires in its fluids that are essential in nerve, muscle, & heart functions
Emphysema Irreversible disease where there has been severe damage to the alveoli in the lungs, resulting in a decrease in the exchange of gases; symptoms are wheezing, coughing shortness of breath, & difficulty in breathing
Emulsion Liquid dosage form of a mixture of 2 products that normally don't mix together
Half-life Amount of time it takes for 1/2 of a substance to be broken down in the body excreted
Hemorrhage Severe & uncontrollable bleeding
Histamine (H2) Blocker Reduce acid secretion by blocking histamine from reaching the H2 receptor
Homeostasis Relative constancy in the internal environment of the body, naturally maintained by adaptive responses that promote healthy survival
Hyperlipidemia High cholesterol
Hypnotic Substance that relaxes the central nervous system to produce sleep
Inactive ingredients Remaining ingredients, other than the active ingredients, that are found in a drug
Inflammation Any redness, swelling, pain, or heat in the body tissue(s) caused by physical injury, infection, or irritation
Liniment Meds that are applied to skin w/ friction & rubbing. They can be solutions, suspensions, or emulsions
Lotion Liquid dosage form that contains a powdered substance in a suspension, used externally to soothe, cool, dry, & protect
Metabolism Physical & chemical processes of the body that convert consumed food into energy for use by the tissues & organs
Muscle relaxant Used to treat involuntary, painful contraction of muscles by slowing the passage of nerve signals that cause pain to the muscles
Osteoprosis Condition characterized by a loss in total bone density; it can be result of calcium deficiency, menopause, certain endocrine diseases, advanced age, meds, or by other risk factors
Otic Admin of med into the ear
Parenteral Admin of med by any other route than oral: Admin by injection
Pathogen Microorganism (bacteria/ virus) that causes disease
Proton Pump Inhibitors Substances that reduce gastric acid build-up by blocking the release of protons by proton pumps
Solution Liquid dosage form in which the med is completely dissolved in a liquid
Stimulant Class of meds that are intended to increase alertness & physical activity
Systemic the whole body
Tolerance Condition in which the body has become unresponsive to a substance after prolonged exposure
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory agents substances that inhibit the production of the enzymes necessary for the synthesis of prostaglandins, reducing pain& inflammation
Created by: SPerez89