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Geography Terms

Geography terms learned in CC of W-S weeks 1-14

mesa a flat-topped, rocky hill with steeply sloping side
meadow an area of level land where grass is grown and usually cut for hay
marsh an area of low, wet, poorly drained land
longitude longitude is a west-east measurement of position on the earth
locks an enclosure with gates built in a canal or river so that ships can be raised or lowered by changing the water level
levee an embankment beside a stream that prevents overflow
left bank the bank of a stream that lies on the left side as one goes with the current
ledge a projection of rock having the appearance of a shelf
latitude latitude is a north-south measurement of position on the earth
land the portion of the earth's surface above the level of the sea or ocean
lake an inland body of water usually of considerable size
lagoon a pool of shallow water connected to the sea by an inlet
knoll a small, round hill or mound
knob a smooth rounded hill
keys an island or reef that does not stick up very far above the water
junction the meeting point of two streams, roads or railroads
isthmus a narrow piece of land joining two larger bodies with land, or joining a peninsula with a mainland
island an area of land surrounded by water
irrigated land land watered by artificial means through the use of small canals or ditches
inlet a small opening between two larger bodies of water
iceberg a huge block of floating ice broken from a glacier, found in the most northerly and southerly areas of the worlds oceans
horizon the line where the earth's surface and the sky seem to meet
hill a small area of land that is higher than the land around it
headland a high area of land with a steep slope, projecting into a body of water
harbor a sheltered body of water where ships anchor and are protected from storms
gulf an area of water bordering on, and lying within a curved coastline
gulch a narrow, rocky valley or gorge; a ravine
grove a group of trees smaller than a forest, generally without undergrowth
gorge narrow passage between steep mountains or hills
glen a small valley usually long, narrow, and with steep sides
glacier a large sheet or stream of ice formed in an area, usually at high elevations, where the temperature remains below or near freezing and more snow accumulates in winter than melts in summer
forest a large area of land covered with trees
ford a shallow place where a stream or body of water my be crossed by wading or driving through the water
foothill a hill at the base of a mountain
fjord a deep, narrow inlet of the sea between high, steep banks
field an area of cleared land, often bound by fences
fall line the line connecting the places where streams emerge form the uplands onto lowlands usually marked by water falls or rapids
estuary a narrow arm of the sea at he mouth of a river where the ocean tide meets the river current
elevation heigh or distance above sea level
earth the planed on which people live
dune a hill or ridge of sand piled up by the wind
drainage basin the area from which a single stream or river and its tributaries drains all of the water
downstream the direction in which a stream is flowing
divide a water parting or water-shed that separates two drainage areas
dike earth or other material built up along a river or ocean to keep the water from overflowing onto land
desert a large area of land with little or no moisture or vegetation
delta a deposit, usually triangular in shape, of sand and soil that forms at the mouth of a river
dell a small, sheltered valley or ravine
dam a bank or wall built across a stream to hold back or redirect water
dale a small valley
current the swiftly moving part of a stream or ocean
cultivated land land that is plowed or spaded and used for growing crops
creek a natural stream of running water larger than a brook but smaller than a river
crater the bowl-shaped opening at the top of a volcano
crag a projecting point of rock, usually perpendicular or nearly so
cove a small, sheltered inlet from any body of water
country a nation or area of land that is politically controlled by one government
continental shelf the shallow sea area bordering the continents
continent any one of the seven largest areas of land on the earth's surface
coast land along the sea
cliff the steep, rocky face of a bluff
cinder cone a cone shaped mass of material made by volcanic eruption
chasm an empty, deep gap in the surface of the earth
channel a narrow strip of water
cavern a large cave of room size or larger
cave a deep, hollowed out are under the earth's surface
cape a narrow piece of land projecting into the sea
canyon a deep, narrow valley having high, steep slopes
canal a constructed channel filled with water used for navigation, irrigation, or drainage
brook a natural stream of running water smaller than a river or a creek
brink the very edge at the top of a bluff, cliff of precipice
breakers waves breaking into foam as they approach or dash against the shore
branch a small stream or creek emptying into a larger stream
bog very wet, spongy ground not able to support much weight, usually made up of decayed plants
bluff a steep, high bank beside a body of water
beach the pebbly or sandy shore of the sea or of a lake that is washed by the waves
bayou a slow, sluggish stream; usually used to describe inlets from the Gulf of Mexico or from the Mississippi River
bay any inlet of the ocean or part of the ocean bordering on land and partly surrounded by land
basin a low place in the surface of the land, usually with a body of water occupying the lowest part
bank the steep or sloping border of any stream
atoll a small island the shape of a ring or horseshoe formed by deposits of coral sea animals
arm an inlet from the sea or other body of water
archipelago a group or chain of many islands in a sea (usually shaped like an arch)
altitude elevation or height above sea level
Created by: sapadog



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