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Chapter 14 Med Terms

Reproductive Systems

TermDefinition
Genitalia Means reproductive organs
Scrotum Encloses, protects, and supports the testicles.
Testicles Two small egg-shaped glands that produce the spermatazoa.
Urethra Passes through the penis to the outside of the body. In the male is serves both the reproductive and urinary systems.
Sperm Are male gametes. They are formed in the seminiferous tubules of the testicles.
Urologist Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the urinary system of females and the genitourinary system of the males.
Circumcision The surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis and is usually performed a few days after birth.
Orchidectomy The surgical removal of one or both testicles.
STDs-Sexually transmitted diseases Also known as venereal diseases and are transmitted through sexual intercourse or other genital contact.
Mammary glands Also known as breasts, are milk producing glands that develop during puberty.
Ovaries Are a pair of almond shaped organs located in the lower abdomen, one on each side of the uterus.
Fallopian tubes Carry the ovum downward from the ovary to the uterus.
Uterus A pear shaped organ with muscular walls and a mucous membrane lining filled with a rich supply of blood vessels
Menarche The beginning of the mestrual function which begins at puberty.
Gynecologist Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the female reproductive system.
Obstetrician Specializes in providing medical care to women during pregnancy, childbirth, and immediately thereafter.
Neonatologist Specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the newborn.
Pedicatrician Specializes in diagnosing, treating, and preventing disorders and diseases of children.
Amenorrhea Absence of menstrual periods.
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy The surgical removal of both fallopian tubes and both ovaries.
Fraternal twins Results from the fertilization of separate ova by separate sperm cells.
Identical twins Results from the fertilization of a single egg by a single sperm. As the fertilized egg develops is divideds into two separate parts/embryos.
Placenta A temporary organ that forms within the uterus to allow the exchange of nutrients, oxygen, and waste products between the mother and the fetus without allowing materanl blood and fetal blood to mix.
Umbilical cord A structure that connects the fetus to the placenta.
Created by: wthreadgill