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Chapter 13 Med Terms

Endocrine System

TermDefinition
Endocrinololgist Someone who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and malfunctions of the glands of internal secretion.
Pituitary gland Also known as the master gland. Located at the base of the brain, just below the hypothalmus. It is conrol of the other endocrine glands.
FSH-follicle stimulation hormone In the female stimulates the secretion of estrogen and the growth of ova (eggs) in the ovaries. In the male it stimulates the production of sperm in the testicles.
GH-growth hormone Regulates the growth of bone, muscle, and other body tissues.
TSH-thyroid stimulating hormone Stimulates the growth and secrections of the thyroid gland.
ADH-antidiuretic hormone Maintains the water balance within the body by promoting the reabsorption of water through the kidneys.
Polydipsia Excessive thirst.
Polyuria Excessive urination.
Metabolism Includes ALL of the processes involved in the body's use of nutrients.
Parathyroid glands About the size of a grain of sand, located within the thyroid gland and regulates calcium levels throughout the body.
Adrenal glands Located on top of the kidneys. The primary function is to regulate hormones.
Electrolytes Mineral substances, such as sodium and potassium, found in the blood.
Pancreas A feather shaped organ located posterior (behind) the stomach which helps regulated sugar in the blood.
Diabetes mellitus A group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both.
Hypoglycemia A very low blood sugar.
Hyperglycemia A very high blood sugar.
Thymus Located in the thoracic cavity and plays an important role in the immune system.
Gonads Are ovaries in females and testicles in the male.
Testosterone Is secreted by the testicles and stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics.
Estrogen Secreted by the ovaries and other small glands and it stimulates the development of the female secondary sex characteristics.
Created by: wthreadgill