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Top 200 #4

BrandGenericIndicationsDose FormsRouteAdult DosePed. DoseClass
Macrobid Nitrofurantoin Macrocrystals UTI, UTI Prophlaxis Oral Capsule: 100mg Oral UTI: 50-100mg q6h for 7 days. UTI Prophlaxis: 100mg q12h for 5-7 days UTI: >1mo 5-7mg/kg/day div q6h for 7 days UTI Prophlaxis: >1mo 1-2mg/kg BID Antibiotic, Macrolide
Augmentin Amoxicillin/ Clavulanic Acid Broad Spectrum Antibiotic: Otitis media, Sinusitis, Cervicitis, UTI, Impetigo Oral Susp: 125, 200, 250, 400, 600mg/5ml; Oral Tablet: 250, 500, 875 mg; Chewable Tablet: 200, 400mg; ER Tablet: 1000mg Oral Oral: 250-500 mg every 8 hours or 875 mg every 12 hours <3mo: 30mg/kg/qd divided q12hr using 125mg/5ml suspension >40kg (REFER TO ADULT DOSE) Antibiotic, Beta Lactamase Inhibitor, Penicillin, Aminopenicillin
Amoxil; Trimox; Moxitag Amoxicillin Broad spectrum antibiotic: Bronchitis, Otitis media, Sinusitis, Cervicitis, UTI, Impetigo Oral Capsule: 250, 500mg; Oral Susp: 125, 200, 250, 400/5ml; Oral Tablet: 500, 875mg; Chewable Tablet: 125, 250mg; ER Tablet: 775mg Oral Oral: 250-500 mg every 8 hours or 500-875 mg twice daily or extended-release tablet 775 mg once daily ≤3mo: 20-30mg/kg/qd divided q12h, >3mo & <40kg: 20-100mg/kg/day divided q8-12h, >40kg (REFER TO ADULT DOSE); ≥12yr. 775mg ER qd Antibiotic, Penicillin, Aminopenicillin
Ancef Cefazolin Respiratory tract infections, Skin and Genital infections, UTI, Biliary tract, Bone & joint infection, Septicemia Inj. Soln: 1gm, 10gm, 100gm, 300gm, 500mg; IV Soln: 1gm w/4 or 5% dextrose, 2gm w/3% dextrose IV, IM 1-2g q8h (12g/day max) >1mo: 25-100mg/kg/day div q6-8h (6g/day max) Antibiotic, 1st gen. Cephalosporin
Omnicef Cefdinir Otitis media, Bronchitis, Pneumonia, Sinusitis, Tonsillitis, Skin infection Oral Capsule: 300mg; Oral Susp: 125mg/5ml, 250mg/5ml Oral 300mg BID or 600mg QD >6mo: 7mg/kg/dose BID for 5-10days or 14mg/kg/dose qd for 10days Antibiotic, 3rd gen. Cephalosporin
Keflex Cephalexin Respiratory tract infections, Otitis media, Skin Infection, Genitourinary infections, Impetigo, UTI, Bone infections Oral Capsule: 250, 500, 750mg; Oral Susp: 125mg/5ml, 250mg/5ml; Oral Tablet: 250 or 500mg Oral 250-1000mg q6h (max=4000mg/day) >1yr: 25-100 mg/kg/day in divided doses q6-8h (max=4000mg/day) Antibiotic, 1st gen. Cephalosporin
Penicillin VK; Penicillin G Penicillin VK, G Bacterial infection involving respiratory tract, Otitis media, Sinusitis, Skin and soft tissues, Prophylaxis in Rheumatic fever Oral Soln. or Susp: 125mg/5ml, 250mg/5ml; Oral Tablet: 250 or 500mg Oral 250mg-500mg 2-4 x/day Pneumonia: infants >3mo & children: 50-75mg/kg/day in 3-4 divided doses, 25-50mg/kg/day in divided doses 2-4x /day for 5-9 days Pharyngitis: 250mg 2-3x/day for 10days Antibiotic, Penicillin, Natural
Cipro Ciprofloxacin UTI, lower respiratory tract infection(anthrax), sinusitis, skin & bone & joint infections, Typhoid fever, Gonorrhea, pneumonia, otitis IV Soln: 200mg/100ml, 400mg/200ml, 10mg/ml; Oral Susp: 250mg/5ml, 500mg/5ml; Opthalmic Soln. & Ointment: 0.3%; Otic Soln: 0.2%; Oral Tablet: 100, 250, 500, 750mg ER Tablet: 500, 1000mg Oral, IV, Eye, Ear Oral: 500mg BID for x weeks IV:400mg BID Oral:15mg/kg/dose BID max 500mg dose, 20-40mg/kg/day divided in 2 doses for 10-21days IV: 10mg/kg/dose BID max 800mg/day, 6-10mg/kg q8h for 10-21days Antibiotic, Fluoroquinolone
Levaquin Levofloxacin Community-acquired pneumonia, Bronchitis, UTI, Skin infection, Anthrax, Plague IV Soln: 25mg/ml; Opthalmic Soln: 0.5%; Oral Soln: 25mg/ml; Oral Tablet: 250, 500, 750mg Oral, IV, Eye Oral & IV common dose: 500mg or 750mg qd Oral & IV common dose 8-10 mg/kg/dose q12h MAX:750mg daily Antibiotic, Fluoroquinolone
Valtrex Valacyclovir Herpes Zoster (shingles), Genital herpes, Herpes labialis (cold sores), Chickenpox in immunocompetent children Oral Tablet: 500, 1000mg Oral Cold Sores: 2g BID for 1 day Shingles: 1g TID for 7 days Genital Herpes: (initial) 1g BID for 10 days, (recurrent) 500mg BID for 3 days Chickenpox: (>2yo) 20mg/kg/dose TID for 5 days Cold Sores: (≥ 12yo) (REFER TO DULT DOSE) Antiviral
Zovirax Acyclovir Herpes Zoster (shingles), Chickenpox (varicella), Genital Herpes IV Soln: 500 or 1000mg; IV Soln: 50mg/ml; Oral Capsule: 200mg; Oral Susp: 200mg/5ml; Oral Tablet: 400 or 800mg; Topical Ointment & Cream: 5% Oral, IV, Topical Initial Episode: 200mg 5x/day for 10 days or 400mg TID for 7-10days Recurrence: 200mg 5x/day for 5 days IV: 5mg/kg/dose q8h for 5-7days or 5-10mg/kg/dose q8h for 2-7days IV: (≥12YO) REFER TO ADULT DOSING Chickenpox: 20mg/kg/dose QID Antiviral
Sovaldi Sofosbuvir Hepatitis C (HCV), HCV/HIV-1 coinfection, Awaiting liver transplant Oral Tablet: 400mg Oral 400mg QD for 12, 24, or 48 wks N/A Antiviral
Diflucan Fluconazole Candidiasis (yeast infection), Cryptococcal meningitis, HIV, Bone marrow transplant Oral Susp: 10mg/ml, 40mg/ml IV Soln: 200mg/100ml Oral Tablet: 50, 100, 150, 200mg Oral, IV Oral & IV: 150mg once Maintenance: 200-800mg qd Loading dose: 6-12mg/kg/dose Maintenance: 3-12mg/kg/dose qd Triazole Antifungal
Bactrim; Septra Sulfa-methoxazole/ Trimethoprim Sulfonamide combination: UTI, Chronic Bronchitis, Traveler's Diarrhea, Enteritis Oral Tablet: (S/TMP) 400/80mg, 800/160mg; Oral Susp: 200-40mg/5ml; IV Soln: 400-80mg/5ml Oral, IV Orally:1-2 800/160mg tablets q12-24h IV: 8-20mg TMP/kg/qd divided q6-12h >2mo: Mild infection: 8mg TMP/kg/qd divided q12h Serious infection: IV: 8-12mg TMP/kg/day divided q6-12h, Oral: 15-20mg TMP/kg/day divided q6h Sulfon-amide, Folic Acid Antagonist
Zithromax; ZPAK Azithromycin Otitis media, COPD exacerbations, Skin infections, Genital ulcer disease (men), Sinusitis, Pelvic inflammatory disease, Pharyngitis IV Soln: 500mg; Oral Susp: 100mg/5ml, 200mg/5ml, 1gm/packet; Oral Tablet: 250, 500, 600mg; Ophthalmic Soln: 1% Oral, IV, Eye Orally:500mg on day 1 then 250mg QD on days 2-5, 500mg QD for 3 days ≥6mo: 10mg/kg QD for 3 days, 10mg/kg on day 1 then 5mg/kg/day on days 2-5 Macrolide, Antibiotic
Cleocin Clindamycin Bacterial infection by anaerobes & cocci bacteria, Pelvic inflammatory disease Oral Capsule: 75, 150, 300mg Oral, IV, IM, Topically, Vaginally Oral: 150-450mg/dose q6-8 max 1800mg/day IM/IV:1.2-2.7 g/day in 2-4 divided doses (4800mg/day max) Oral: 150-450mg/dose q6-8 (max 1800mg/day) IM/IV:20-40mg/kg/day in 3-4 divided doses (4800mg/day max) Antibiotic, Lincosamide
Periostat; Vibra-Tabs; Doryx; Monodox; Oracea Doxycycline Syphilis, Anthrax, Malaria, Lyme disease, Severe acne, Inflammatory lesion associated w/ rosacea, Staph infection, UTI Oral Capsule: 50, 75, 100, 150mg; Oral Susp: 25mg/5ml; Oral Tablet: 20, 50, 75, 100, 150mg; ER Tablet: 40mg Oral, IV Oral & IV usual doses: 100-200 mg/day in 1-2 divided doses Oral & IV usual doses: >8yr & ≤ 45kg: 2-5mg/kg/day in 1-2 div. doses (max 200mg/day) >8yr & >45kg = adult dosing Antibiotic, Tetracycline, Antiacne
Flagyl; Metrocream; Metrogel Metronidazole CNS infections, Endocarditis, Lower respiratory tract infections, Bacterial vaginosis, Amebic Dysentary IV Soln: 500mg/100ml; Oral Capsule: 375mg; Oral Tablet: 250 or 500mg; Topical Cream: 0.75%; Topical Gel/Jelly: 0.75 or 1%; Topical Lotion: 0.75%; Vaginal Gel/Jelly: 0.75% Oral, IV, Topically, Vaginally Oral/IV: (general)500mg q 6-8h, (vaginal) 500mg BID or 750mg QD x 7days Oral: 15-50 mg/kg/day in divided doses q8h IV: 30 mg/kg/day in divided doses q6h Antibiotic, Antibacterial, Antiacne, Nitroimdazole
Solodyn; Dynacin; Minocin Minocycline Anthrax, Moderate-severe acne, Gonorrhea, Respiratory tract infection, Chlamydial infections, Skin/soft tissue infection, UTI, Syphilis, Periodontitis Oral Capsule & Tablet: 50, 75, 100mg; ER Tablet: 45, 55, 65, 80, 90, 105, 115, 135mg; IV Soln: 100mg Oral, IV, Sub-gingival Usual dose range:(oral & IV) 200mg followed by 100mg q12h Acne: 50-100mg BID >8yr: (Oral & IV) 4mg/kg followed by 2mg/kg/dose q12h ≥12yr = adult dosing (max = 400mg/day) Antibiotic, Tetracycline
Bactroban Mupirocin Nasal: MRSA, Topical: Impetigo or Infected skin lesion Topical Ointment, Cream, Nasal Ointment: 2% Topically, Nasally MRSA: apply in nostril BID for 5days Topical:apply to affected area 3-5x/day for 3-5 or 10 days MRSA: >12yr Impetigo: >2mo. Skin Infection >3mo (REFER TO ADULT DOSING) Antibiotic, Antibacterial
Created by: scottamus123