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Ch6 Pharmacology

Ansthetics and Narcotics

QuestionAnswer
Consists of the brain and spinal cord. This coordinates and controls the activity of other body systems also Central nervous system
Regulates activities of structures that are not under voluntary control such as respiration, circulation, digestion, body temperature, and metabolism Autonomic nervous system
This neurotransmitter has two names. Adrenaline and this Epinephrine
This major neurotransmitter acts on receptors in smooth muscle, cardiac muscle, skeletal muscle, and exocrine glands. It is the only neurotransmitter in the somatic nervous system. Anticholinergics block these receptors Acetylcholine (ACh)
The goals of balanced anesthesia Amnesia, adequate muscle relaxation, adequate ventilation, and pain control
The most used preoperative sedatives Benzodiazepines
A rare but serious side effect of anesthesia marked by a sudden and rapid rise in body temperature to 110 or more Malignant hyperthermia
This narcotic is the standard by which all other narcotics are measured Morphine
This inhaled anesthetic is most commonly used in dental procedures because it provides analgesia only and is rapidly eliminated Nitrous oxide
This inhaled anesthetic cannot be used during childbirth because it causes uterine relaxation Ethrane (enflurane)
Drug class used to reverse benzodiazepine and narcotic overdoses Antagonists
Class of drugs used to reverse the effects of neuromuscular blocking agents like succinylcholine Anticholinesterase agents
A short acting local anesthetic is known as this Ester
A longer acting local anesthetic is known as this Amide
All local anesthetics with the exception of this one cause relaxation of vascular smooth muscles Cocaine
The "fifth" vital sign Pain
Pain that occurs when no pain should be felt Sympathetically mediated
This class of drugs can reduce the cough reflex and respiratory drive and can increase mental cloudiness Narcotics
These drugs have the highest potential for abuse and addiction Schedule-II drugs
A physical and emotional reliance on a drug Dependence
A compulsive disorder that leads to the continued use of the drug despite harm to the user Addiction
This narcotic analgesic can be administered IV, orally as a lozenge, sublingually, buccally, or as a patch Fentanyl
The most abused prescription drug Hydrocodone
Prophylactic therapy for migraines includes these classes of drugs Beta blockers, calcium channel blockers,NSAIDs, estrogen, SSRIs, and tricyclic antidepressants
Many physicians are prescribing this in place of Imitrex (sumatriptan) because it has fewer side effects Aspirin 1000mg and Reglan (metoclopramide) 10mg
This drug has a high success rate in treating migraines when paired with an NSAID. Recent evidence suggests though that there is a potential for abuse with this medication Ultram (tramadol)
This nasal spray used to treat migraines is a Schedule IV narcotic Stadol NS (butorphanol)
The generic for Demerol meperidine
The generic for Diprivan propofol
The generic for Percocet oxycodone/APAP
The generic for Dilaudid hydromorphone
The generic for Vicodin hydrocodone/APAP
The generic for Suboxone buprenorphine/naloxone
The generic for Imitrex sumatriptan
The generic for Forane isoflurane
The generic for Duragesic fentanyl transdermal
An opioid analgesic primarily used as an antitussive but is also used for pain. It is converted to morphine in the liver. Codeine
Created by: sarakiefer
 

 



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