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Chapter 11 Med Terms

Eyes and Ears

TermDefinition
Audiologist Specializes in the measurement of hearing function.
Ophthalmologist Specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the eye.
Optometrist A physician who specializes in measuring the accuracy of vision to determine whether corrective lenses or eyeglasses are needed.
Optic Pertaining to the eye or sight.
Auditory Pertaining to the sense of hearing.
Conjuctiva The mucous membrane that lines the underside of each eyelid and continue to form a protective covering over the exposed surface of the eyeball.
Lacrimation The normal continuous secretion of tears.
Sclera Also known as the white of the eye. It is the fibrous tissue outer layer of the eye.
Pupil The black circular opening in the center of the iris that permits light to enter the eye.
Retina The sensitive inner nerve layer of the eye located between the posterior chamber and the choroid layer at the back of the eye.
Blepharoptosis The drooping of the upper eyelid.
Conjunctivitis Also known as pinkeye. It is an inflammation of the conjunctiva.
Strabismus Also known as a squint. It is a disorder in which the eyes cannot be directed in a parallel manner toward the same object.
Esotropia Also known as cross-eyes. It is strabismus characterized by an inward deviation of one eye in relation to the other.
Myopia Also known as nearsightedness. It is a defect in which light rays focus in front of the retina.
Cerumen Also known as earwax. It is a sticky yellow-brown substance that has protective functions as it traps small insects, dust, debris, and certain bacteria to prevent them from entering the middle ear.
Tympanic membrane Also known as the eardrum. It is located between the outer and middle ear.
Otalgia Also know as an earache. Pain in the ear.
Otitis Inflammation of the ear.
Vertigo A symptom of several conditions and is described as a sense of whirling, dizziness, and the loss of balance.
Tympanoplasty The surgical correction of a damaged middle ear.
Created by: wthreadgill