Save
Busy. Please wait.
Log in using Clever
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Antidepressants

Tox Test 4

QuestionAnswer
What are symptoms of depression? sadness, depressed mood, inactivity, loss of interest or pleasure, reduced ability to enjoy life, sleep disturbances
What are some treatments for depression? pharmaceuticals, psychotherapy, electroconvulsive therapy
What is the mechanism of action for antidepressants? mechanism is unclear, believed to involve reuptake inhibition of serotonin and norepinephrine
What are some first generation antidepressants? TCAs, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)
When are MAOIs used? when people are allergic/unresponsive to TCAs
What is the mechanism of action for first generation antidepressants? affect seratonin and norepinephrine reuptake
What are the side effects of TCAs and MAOIs? block a1: hypotension, dizziness, sedation block H1: weight gain, sedation block M1: dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, urinary retention
What is the mechanism of action for selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors? inhibit serotonin reuptake without side effects of TCAs and MAOIs
Wht are the side effects of SSRIs? anxiety, sleep disturbances, sexual dysfunction
What are some third generation antidepressants? venlafaxine, mirtazapine, nefazodone
What is the mechanism of action for venlafaxine? blocks serotonin and NE reuptake, also a weak inhibitor of dopamine
What is the mechanism of action for mirtazapine? a2 antagonist, 5-HT2 antagonist, 5-HT3 antagonist
What are th side effects of mirtazapine? weight gain and sedation
What is the metabolism of third generation antidepressants? lipophillic and well-absorbed, undergo heavy 1st pass metabolism. Most metabolize by hydroxylayion and demethylation
How do antipsychotics work? They do not eliminate th fundamental thinking disorder, but they permit the patient to function in a supportive environment.
What are the symptoms of schizophrenia? delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, catatonic behavior, los of ability to speak, lack of will, lack of emotional expression
What are some typical antipsychotics? phenothiazines, thioxanthines, dibenzoxapines, butyrophenones, benzamides
What are some atypical antipsychotics? clozapine, olanzapine, quetiapine, aripiprazole
What is the mechanism of action for antipsychotics? block DA receptors in brain and periphery. They are antagonized by drugs that raise DA levels. Also inhibit 5-HT receptors
What are the effects of antipsychotics? reduce spontaneous physical movement, do not depress intellectual/motor function, may cause sedation. Usually takes several weeks to see results.
What are the extrapyramidal effects of antipsychotics? parkinsonian symptoms, motor restlessness, tardive dyskinesia. Co-administration of benztropine can reduce effects.
What are the adverse effects of antipsychotics? parkinsonian symptoms, drowsiness, confusion, dry mouth, urinary retention, sexual dysfunction, constipation. May aggravate EtOH withdrawal, epilepsy
Created by: bdcox15
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards