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Med Term 5 & 6

MCC Med Term Units 5 & 6

QuestionAnswer
*CORTEX outer layer of bone (under periosteum)
*DIAPHYSIS shaft; long portion of bone
*EPIPHYSIS the end of a long bone
*PERIOSTEUM dense, fibrous covering of the bone
*FORAMEN a natural opening or passage in, or through, a bone
*NOTCH indentation or groove in a bone
*TUBERCLE small eminence on a bone, attachment for a tendon
*EPICONDYLE eminence on a bone above a condyle
*TROCHANTER long flat process
*MYELITIS inflammation of the spinal chord
*BRONCHOGRAPHY imaging which examines bronchial tubes
*PARENCHYMA the functional tissue or cells of an organ or gland
*HILUM the root of the lung; part of the organ where vessels and nerves enter
*MEDIASTINUM part of the thoracic cavity in the middle of the thorax, extends from the sternum to the vertebral column and contains all the thoracic viscera except the lungs
*BRONCHUS air passages in the lungs through which inhaled and exhaled air passes
*ANEURYSM a localized abnormal dilation of a wall of a blood vessel
*ATELECTASIS abnormal conditionqe-collapse of alveoli (sacs in the lung);incomplete expansion of the lung
*CARIOMEGALY enlarged heart
*EMBOLISM a foreign object (air, gas, bit of tissue, tumor, or thrombus) which becomes lodged in a blood vessel, symptoms vary with the character of the embolus, degree of occlusion, and siz of vessel
*EMPHYSEMA chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
*PELVIMETRY measurement of the capacity and diameter of the pelvis (was done immediately prior to childbirth - not done much in the past 20 years due to ultrasound)
SKELETAL SURVEY used to examine and diagnose bone diseases and abuse
BONE AGE SURVEY x-ray image of teh wrist to compare skeletal structures at different stages of development and age
ARTHROGRAPHY used to examine and diagnose joint conditions
TOMOGRAPHY body section imaging - blurring above and below part
HIP PINNING done in Operating Room using C arm; images done with flouroscopy during surgery to check repair of fractured hip
MYELOGRAPHY study of the spinal column for slipped disc and/or other abnormalities
BONE SCAN (NUCLEAR MEDICINE) shows function and enables earlier diagnosis of some diseases
SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE fluid filled membrane around a synovial joint (ex. knee)
PROCESS prominence or projection in a bone
TUBEROSITY an elevation or prouberance on a bone to which a muscle is attached
CAPITULUM small eminence on a bone, usually for articulation with another bone
CONDYLE rounded projection on a bone, usually for articulation with another bone
JOINT articulation of two bones
SUBLUXATION break in alignment or partial dislocation
OSTEOARTHRITIS non inflammatory degenerative joint disease
NEUROMA tumor on the nerve tissue
OSTEOPOROSIS demineralization of the bone
OSTEOMYELITIS inflaammation of the bone and bone marrow
OSTEOCYSTOMA cyst like bone tumor
OSTEOSARCOMA cancer of the bone that spreads rapidly
OSTEOSCLEROSIS an increase in the density of bone tissue (hardening of the bone)
PSEUDOARTHROSIS false joint - a joint that develops at the site of a former fracture
SCOLISIS lateral curvature of the spine - imaging in AP position
LORDOSIS anterior curvature of the spine - image in lateral position
KYPHOSIS posterior curvature of the spine - image in lateral position
BENNETT'S FRACTURE first metacarpal fx
COLLES' FRACTURE distal radius fx with anterior displacement
COMMINUTED FRACTURE severe fx, broken in many places
COMPOUND FRACTURE fx which breaks the skin
OVERRIDING FRACTURE fx where one bone overrides another
EPIPHYSEAL FRACTURE fx through the epiphysis
GREENSTICK FRACTURE fx, is not complete, may be bent; seen in children
COMPRESSION FRACTURE bone is pushed into bone causing fx
TRANSVERSE FRACTURE fx across the bone (at a right angle to the longitudinal axis of the bone)
IMPACTED FRACTURE bone into bone (adjacent fragmented ends of fx bones wedged together)
OBLIQUE FRACTURE fx cleanly separated at an oblique angle
SPIRAL FRACTURE fx twisting around a shaft of a bone
PATHOLOGICAL FRACTURE fx occuring in diseased bone with only slight or no trauma
POTT'S FRACTURE fx of lower part of fibula with injury to lower tibial articulation (ankle fx involving medial and lateral malleolus)
4 VIEWS OF CHEST chest xray in all four views (PA, Laterl, Rt decubitus, Lt decubitus)
SLIGHT OBLISUE VIEWS OF THE CHEST done to rule out a nodule or to remove nipple shadows
LORDOTIC SERIES AP upright with shoulders back
ANGIOCARDIOGRAPHY imaging of the heart and great vessels of the heart
MAMMOGRAPHY imaging which examines the breast and mammary tissues
STERNUM plate of bone forming middle part of thorax; articulates with clavicle and first seven ribs
THORACIC VERTEBRAE vertebrae #8-20, are below 7 cervical and above 5 lumbar vertebrae
RIBS paired bones, 12 on either side, extending from thoracic vertebrae
COSTAL CARTILAGES articulation points from ribs to the sternum
CLAVICLE collarbone; elongated slender curved bone positioned horizontally in upper part of thorax; articulates medially with the sternum and laterally with the acromion of the scapula
AC JOINTS acromioclavicular joint; the gliding joint between the medial margin of the acromion process of the scapula and the clavicle
SC JOINTS sternoclavicular joint; gliding joint between the sternum and the clavicle
LUNGS main component of the respiratory system; main function is to inhale air from which oxygen is extracted for the arterial blood system and to exhale carbon dioxide dispersed from the venous system
LOBES OF THE LUNGS right lung has 3 lobes (RUL, RML, RLL) left lung has 2 lobes (LUL, LLL)
PLEURAL CAVITY two layer lining the thoracic cavity
COSTOPHRENIC ANGLES the angle between the diaphragm and the chest wall at the bottom of the lung
HEART muscular cone shaped hollow organ the pumps blood throughout the body
DIAPHRAGM dome shaped musculofibrous partition separating the thoracic and abdominal cavities
ARTERIOSCLEROTIC DISEASE thickening and hardening of the walls of the arteries
INFARCTION blockage of a vein or artery
PLEURAL EFFUSION abnormal accumulation of fluid into the intrapleural spaces of the lungs
PNEUMONIA acute infection and inflammation of the lung
PNEUMOTHORAX presence of air or gas in the pleural space, causing a lung to collapse
THROMBOSIS an abnormal condition in which a clot (thrombus) develops in a blood vessel
PLEURISY inflammation of the pleura in the lung
MYOCARDITIS inflammation of the myocardium (the heart wall)
KUB abdominal study showing the kidneys, ureters, and bladder
UPRIGHT VIEW OF THE ABDOMEN image with the patient standing in AP position to demonstrate air fluid levels or free air under the diaphragm
DECUBITUS VIEW image with the patient lying on right or left side to demostrate free air or air fluid levels in chest or abdomen
ABDOMINAL ARTERIOGRAPHY imaging of the arteries or arterial system of the abdomen (IV contrast)
AORTOGRAPHY imaging of the aorta after introduction of contrast
RENAL ARTERIOGRAM imaging of the arterial system of the kidneys
HYSTEROSALPINGOGRAPHY imaging of the uterus and fallpian tubes after intrauterine injection of contrast
LUMBAR relating to lumbar region; 5 vertebrae directly below the thoracic
SACRUM triangular bone at the base of the spine formed by 5 fused vertebrae
COCCYX small bone caudal to the sacrum formed by the union of 4 rudimentary vertebrae
PERITONEUM serous membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera. It is divided into the parietal peritoneum and the visceral peritonuem
DIAPHRAGM dome shpaed musculofibrous partition separating the thoracic and abdominal cavities
PSOAS MUSCLE triangular shaped muscle lateral to the lumbar vertebrae
ABDOMINAL CAVITY the space between the diaphragm and the pelvic area containing the abdominal organs
ABDOMINAL ORGANS liver, stomach, intestines, spleen, gall bladder, kidneys, and associated tissues, blood and lymph vessels
ABDOMINAL QUADRANTS (4) RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQ
ABDOMINAL REGIONS (9) divide the abdomen into three upper, three middle and three lower zones. Right hypochondriac, epigastric and left hypochondirac regions (upper zones) Right lateral, umbilical and left lateral regions (middle zones) Right inguinal, pubic an dleft ingu
ANEURYSM a localizes abnormal dilation of a wall of a blood vessel
ASCITES abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
FECALITH a hard, impacted mass of feces in the colon
PNEUMOPERITONEUM free air in the abdominal cavity
CALCIFICATION deposits of calcium salts in a tissue, seen as opague on the xray image
FREE AIR adnormal amount of air in the abdominal cavity (usually perforated bowel)
OBSTRUCTION adnormal blockage of the intestinal or urinary tract
RENAL CAlCULUS kidney stone (formation of calcium in the renal pelvis)
URETERAL CALCULUS a renal calculus that has migrated into the ureter (usually causing a painful obstruction)
ABDOMINAL DISTENTION abdomen in the state of enlargement or distention (swollen)
ABDOMINAL PARACENTESIS the surgical puncturing of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid for diagnosis or treatment
ANATOMY study of body structure
PHYSIOLOGY study of normal body function
PATHOLOGY study of changes in structure and function produced by disease
EMBRYOLOGY study of the development of the body from reproductive cells
HISTOLOGY microscopic study of the minute structure, composition and function of normal cells
BIOLOGY study of all forms of life
PEDIATRICS dealing with childrens growth, development and disorders
GYNECOLOGY dealing with diseases of the female reproductive system
OBSTETRICS dealing with pregnancy and childbirth
SURGERY treats injuries, deformities and diseases by operative methods
RADIOLOGY concerned with radioactive substances and with the diagnosis and treatment of disease by visualizing any of the various sources of radiant energy
CARDIOLOGY dealing with the heart and its functions
OTOLOGY dealing with diagnosis, treatment and other disorders of the ear
OTOLARYNGOLOGY dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of the ears, nose, throat and adjacent structures of the head and neck
DERMATOLOGY concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases
ENDOCRINOLOGY concerned with the glands of internal secretion (endocrine)
INTERNAL MEDICINE dealing with diagnosis and medical treatment of diseases and disorders within the internal structures of the body
PHYSICAL MEDICINE using physical means in the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Incuse use of heat, cold, light, water, electricity, manipulation, massage, exercise and mechanical devices
PSYCHIATRY dealing with the causes, treatments and prevention of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders
GERIATRICS devoted to the medical problems and care of the elderly
*UROLOGY dealing with the female urinary and the male genitourinary system
*OPTHALMOLOGY concerned with the study of the physiology, anatomy and pathology of the eye and the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye
*MEGACOLON abnormal dilation of the colon (enlarged colon)
PERITONITIS inflammation of the peritoneum
Created by: misha1228