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Pruett Mgmt. Ch. 10

Leadership (Chapter 10 definitions)

TermDefinition
Vision A mental image of a possible and desirable future state of the organization
Supervisory Leadership Behavior the provides guidance, support, and corrective feedback for day-to-day activities
Strategic Leadership Behavior that gives purpose and meaning to organizations, envisioning and creating a positive future
Power The ability to influence others
Trait Approach A leadership perspective that attempts to determine the personal characteristics that great leaders share
Behavioral Approach A leadership perspective that attempts to identify what good leaders do--that is, what behaviors they exhibit
Task Performance Behaviors Actions taken to ensure that the work group or organization reaches its goals
Group Maintenance Behaviors Actions taken to ensure the satisfaction of group members, develop and maintain harmonious work relationships, and preserve the social stability of the group
Leader-member exchange (LMX) Theory Highlights the importance of leader behaviors not just toward the group as a whole but toward individuals on a personal basis
Autocratic Leadership A form of leadership in which the leader makes decisions on his or her own and then announces those decisions to the group
Democratic Leadership A form of leadership in which the leader solicits input from subordinates
Laissez-faire A leadership philosophy characterized by an absence of managerial decision making
Situation Approach Leadership perspective proposing that universally important traits and behaviors do not exist, and that effective leadership behavior varies from situation to situation
Vroom Model A situation model that focuses on the participative dimension of leadership
Fiedler's contingency model of leadership effectiveness A situation approach to leadership postulating that effectiveness depends on the personal style of the leader and the degree to which the situation gives the leader power, control, and influence over the situation
Task-Motivated Leadership Leadership that places primary emphasis on completing a task
Relationship-motivated leadership Leadership that places primary emphasis on maintaining good interpersonal relationships
Hersey and Blanchard's situation theory A life cycle theory of leadership postulating that a manager should consider an employee's psychological and job maturity before deciding whether task performance or maintenance behaviors are more important
Job Maturity The level of the employee's skills and technical knowledge relative to the task being performed
Psychological Maturity An employee's self-confidence and self-respect
Path-Goal Theory A theory that concerns how leaders influence subordinates' perceptions of their work goals and the paths they follow toward attainment of those goals
Substitutes for Leadership Factors in the workplace that can exert the same influence on employees as leaders would provide
Charismatic Leader A person who is dominant, self-confident, convinced of the moral righteousness of his or her beliefs, and able to arouse a sense of excitement and adventure in followers
Transformational Leaders Leaders who motivate people to transcend their personal interests for the good of the group
Transactional Leaders Leaders who manage through transactions, using their legitimate, reward, and coercive powers to give commands and exchange rewards for services rendered
Level 5 Leadership A combination of strong professional will (determination) and humanity that builds enduring greatness
Authentic leadership A style in which the leader is true to himself or herself while leading
Pseudotransformational Leaders Leaders who talk about positive change but allow their self-interest to take precedence over followers' needs
Servant-leader A leader who serves others' needs while strengthening the organization
Bridge leaders Leaders who bridge conflicting value systems or different cultures
Shared Leadership Rotating leadership, in which people rotate through the leadership role based on which person had the most relevant skills at a particular time
Lateral Leadership Style in which colleagues at the same hierarchical level are invited to collaborate and facilitate joint problem solving
Created by: starnema
 

 



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