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Year 9 Geography vocabulary

agriculture the science or practice of farming, including cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops and the rearing of animals to provide food, wool and other products
arable suitable for farming
biodiversity the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat
biofuel fuels made from natural sources
biome groupings of plant and animal communities which have adapted to inhabit particular parts of the Earth’s surface
capitalism an economic system in which resources and means of production are privately owned and prices, production, and the distribution of goods are determined mainly by competition in a free market
commodity a raw material, such as an agricultural product, that can be bought and sold
domestic tourism where people travel within their own country for recreation
economy of scale the advantage that a larger producer or consumer has over a smaller one because of costs that do not increase proportionately with size or amount purchased
ecosystem an area of the Earth’s surface where living organisms interact with parts of the Earth
e-waste (electronic waste) the rubbish created by throwing away used electronic devices and components, such as batteries; also, the disposal of materials involved in their manufacture or use
fair trade trade based on the buying and selling of products (usually from poorer nations) that have been mined, grown or manufactured under humane working conditions, with appropriate wages for the workers and minimal environmental impact
food chain the sequence of feeding arrangements in an ecosystem in which each member may be food for the next highest member of the chain
food security the knowledge that enough food will be provided for the population now and in the future
globalisation when an idea or product reaches a worldwide scale
Green Revolution a period beginning in the 1960s when new agricultural techniques brought great increases in production and greatly decreased the incidence of hunger worldwide
industrialism when countries’ economic and social systems become based around the production of goods through mechanised industries in urban centres, rather than through agriculture
irrigation the process of supplying water to a crop, typically via channels
megatrend a major movement, pattern or trend emerging in the global environment
migration movement from one location to another
personal mobility one’s ability to move around
savanna a grassy plain with only a few trees
staple food the most commonly eaten food in a specific region
trade the buying and selling of goods and services
transnational companies companies that operate their businesses in and across more than one country; also called multinational companies
Created by: gmcclell



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