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Chapter 8 Med Terms

Digestive System

TermDefinition
Gastrointestinal Pertaining to the stomach and the intestines.
Papillae Also known as the taste buds.
Salivary glands Secretes saliva that moistens food, begins the digestive process and cleanses the mouth.
Gingiva Also known as the gums, is the specialized mucous membrane that surrounds the teeth, covers the bone of the dental arches, and continues to form the lining of the cheeks.
Esophagus A callapsible tube that leads from the pharynx to the stomach.
Rugae The folds in the mucosa lining of the stomach.
Pyloric sphincter The muscle ring that controls the flow from the stomach to the duodenum of the small intestine.
Large intestine Extends from the small intestine to the anus. The waste products of digestion are processed here and are excreted through the anus.
Hapatic Pertaining to the liver.
Bile A digestive juice that contains enzymes that break down fat.
Gallbladder A pear shaped sac located under the liver that stores and concentrates bile for later use.
Pancreas A feather shaped organ located posterior to the stomach.
Mastication Also know as chewing.
Feces Also known as stool which are the solid wastes expelled through the rectum.
Gastroenterologist Specializes in dagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the stomach and intestines.
Dysphagia Difficulty swallowing.
Gastroenteritis An inflammation of the stomach and intestines.
Anorexia The lack or loss of appetite for food.
Bulimia An eating disorder characterized by episodes of ginge eating followed by self-induced vomiting, or misuse of laxatives, diurectics, or other medications.
Pica An eating disorder in which there is persistent eating of nonnutritional substances such as clay.
Emesis Also know as vomiting.
Hepatomegaly Enlargement of the liver.
Hepatitis Inflammation of the liver.
Created by: wthreadgill