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coagulation

QuestionAnswer
coagulation clot formation
clot formation necesary for survival from injuries or surgery
hemostasis stoppage of blood flow
thromboplastin a substance that triggers the clotting mechanism
thrombin converts soluble fibrinogen to insoluble fibrin
thrombus a blood clot within a blood vessel
embolus a mass of undissolved matter in the vessel
anticoagulants used to prevent venous clotting
adverse reaction of an anticoagulant hemorrhage
a specific drug of an low molecular weight heparin (LMW) ardeparin
a specific drug of an low molecular weight heparin (LMW) dalteparin (fragmin)
a specific drug of an low molecular weight heparin (LMW) enoxparin (lovenox)
a specific drug of an low molecular weight heparin (LMW) warfarin (coumadin)
warfarin does not affect established clots, but does prevent further extenstion of formed clots
antidote of an hemorrhage vitamin K
half-life means drugs can be given less frequently
antiplalatnet drugs are used to suppress the aggregation
aggregation clumping or sticking together
ticlopidine (ticlid) produces irreversible inhibition of platelet fibrin binding
clopidogrel (plavix) mechanism of action is similar to ticlopidine
specific drugs of thrombolytics alteplase (activase)
specific drugs of thrombolytics steeptokinase (stretase)
specific drugs of thrombolytics tenecteplase (TNKase)
topical hemostatics gelatin or cellulose sponges
topical hemostatics usually used to control bleeding that occurs during oral, dental, opthalmic
hyperlipidemia a metabolic disease characterized by increased concentrations of cholesterol and triglycerides
for a thrombolytics to work it must be given every 1 to 6 hours
a primary lipoprotiens HDL-high density lipoprotiens - good cholesterol
a treatment of hyperlipemia diet
a treatment of hyperlipemia bite acid sequestants
bite acid sequestrants bind to bite acids in the intestines, preventing the absoption and producing insoluable complex that is excreted
a specific drug of hyperlipidemia cholestryamine (questran)
HMG COA reductase inhibator
HMG prefered to as "statins"
treatment of hyperlipidemia is lovastain (mevacor)
liquid drugs are supplied in pre-filled syringes, ampules or glass/ plastic vials
MEQ milliequivalent
IVPB IV piggy bank
KVO keep vien open
STAT immediately
LVP large volume parenteral
NaCl sodium chloride
Swfi sterile water for injection
angiotensin II a ptent casoconstrictor and stimulates the production of aldosterone which increase blood pressure
primary function of kidneys to maintain the balance of water, electrolytes, acids and bases
divretics block the re-absorption of sodium and chloride inthe kidneys which aids in controlling blood pressure
osmotic divertics mannitol (osmitrol)
thiazide divertics all drugs in this class have equivalent potency but differ in onset, peak and duriation of action (DOA)
loop divretics furosemide (lavix)
adverse effect of a loop divretic hyperglycemia
potassium sparing divretics spironolactone (aldactone)
ACE-1 inhibits the formation of angiotensin and reduces the action of the AA system
AA ___system renin-angiotensin-aldosterone
a specific drug of an ACE-1 inhibator captopril (capoten)
ACE-1 angiotensin converting enzyme inhibator
ACE -2 inhibators block the receptors for angiotensin
a specific drug of ana ACE-2 inhibator losartan (cozaar)
sympatheltic blocking agents stimulate the central alpha receptors and decreases the outflow of norepinephrine
a specific drug of an sympathetic blocking agent clonidine (catapres)
indication of a thrombolytics is lysis (breakdown) of pulmonary embolism or coronary artery thrombis during an acute MI
atherosclerosis a fatty plaque deposits in the lining of the arteries
VLDL very low density lipoprotiens
LDL low density lipoprotiens
fibrin forms a network of threats that entrap RBC and platelets to form a clot
anticoagulants works by inhibition of preformed clotting factors, prevention of synthesis of normal clotting factors
Created by: tellmo4show
 

 



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