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Exercise Psych

Theories and Models

Achievement Motivation Theory Duda & Hall 2001 Need to achieve is personality trait
High Achievers Success pleasureable Lower arousal level Internal locus of control Immediate feedback Prefers risk about result
Low Achievers Indifferent about feedback Resort to blame / excuses Prefer easy success of definate failure
Goal Orientation Theory Motivation gained through setting and achieving goals Promotes mistakes as learning
Ego Orientated Goals Outcome based Competitive
Mastery Orientated Goals Competence / Task orientated
Competence Motivation Theory Behaviour selected, directed and maintained through intrinsic motivation to be competent at something White, 1959
Desire for competence leads to... Effort
Effort leads to... Persistance
Persistance leads to... Success
Success leads to... Positive Evaluation
Positive evaluation leads to... Greater Competence
Deci's Cognitive Evaluation Theory Perform activity for pleasure Central for intrisic motivation
Extrinsic Motivation Externally imposed incentives Decreases intrinsic motivation
Self Determination Theory Autonomy Competence Relatedness
Attribution Theory Explanations of causes of outcomes
Weiner's Attribution Theory Created 1985 Ability Effort Luck Task Difficulty
Motivating factors for success according to Weiner's Attribution Theory Ability Effort
Motivating factors for failure according to Weiner's Attribution Theory Luck Task Difficulty
Self Efficacy Beliefs & Expectations on how capable person feels performing
Influencing factors on self efficacy theory Past performance Vicarious experiences Social Persuasion Physiological / Affective States Behaviour Cognitions
Transtheoretical Model Stages defined by set of repeated behaviour patterns
Transtheoretical Model Stages Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintainance Relapse
Theory of reasoned action Attitudes about behaviour Social Norms Intentions to perform
Created by: Like2sleep