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Patient Care MCC

Patient Care Chapter 5

What are the bodies first line of natural defenses against disease(3 answers)? 1.Intact skin 2.Mucous membranes 3.Chemicals (Lysozyme, acid, PH levels)
What are the bodies second line of natural defenses against disease (inflammatory response)(3 answers)? 1.Increase in blood flow 2.Heat 3.White blood cells
What are the 2 types of immunity? Aquired and Passive immunity
In which type of immunity is an antigen introduced into the body causing the body to produce an antibody? Acquired immunity
What are the 6 steps in the cycle of infection? 1.pathogenic organism 2.reservoir of infection 3.portal of exit 4.means of transmission 5.portal of entry 6.susceptible host
A)What are: 1.MRSA/ORSA 2.VRE 3.C-Diff? B)What is the key to preventing the spread of ALL three diseases? A)1. MRSA/ORSA (Methicillin or Oxacillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus) bacterial 2.VRE (Vancomycin resistant Enterococcus) bacterial 3.C-Diff (Pseudomembraneous colitis) intestinal bacteria with a resistance to Vancomycin. B) Hand washing
What is HIV and is it lethal? Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus It is NOT lethal (the infected individual dies from other opportunistic diseases)
Why are RNA viruses called Retroviruses? They replicate in a "backward" manner converting from RNA to DNA once they invade a host cell.
In the early stages of infection there is a brief period of flulike symptoms; list the symptoms of HIV at the end of the asymptomatic phase. 1.Night sweats 2.oral infections 3.weight loss 4.persistently enlarged lymph nodes 5.low-grade fever
T/F in its DORMANT stage HIV will attack the CD4 lymphocytes. True
Which two forms of Hepatitis (A, B, C, D, or E) are carried in feces and transmitted through food and water? A and E (Wash Your Hands People!!!!!) (the rest are blood borne)
Is Tuberculosis Viral or Bacterial? Bacterial
A)How is Tuberculosis transmitted? B)How do you test if someone has Tuberculosis? A)Airborne B)PPD skin test (purified protein derivative)
____________ ____________are designed to reduce the risk of transmission of unrecognized sources of blood borne and other pathogens. Standard Precautions
Standard precautions apply to these sources? Blood, all body fluids, secretions and excretions (except sweat)even without visible blood, non-intact skin, mucous membranes
_________ _________are designed to reduce the risk of airborne, droplet, and contact transmission. Transmission Precautions
This type of asepsis deals with REDUCING the number of transmittable infectious organisms through hand washing, changing linen, and washing our equipment. Medical Asepsis
This type of asepsis is the complete destruction of all organisms and spores from equipment using disinfectant chemicals. Surgical Asepsis
T/F a compromised patient (protective Isolation) has limited immunity and requires special precautions to avoid exposure to potential infection. True
T/F it is ok to use hand rubs when there is visible soiling on your hands. False
T/F needles should be recapped before being placed in the sharps container. False (recapping greatly increases the possibility of sticking yourself with the infected needle) NEVER recap a dirty needle
In an infectious isolation who are you protecting? yourself or the patient Yourself
What are the steps to "gown up" for isolation (in order)? 1.Lead Apron 2.Cap 3.Mask 4.Gown 5.Tie 6.Gloves
What are the steps to "gown off" for isolation (in order)? 1.Untie 2.Gloves 3.Wash hands 4.Mask 5.Gown 6.Cap 7.Rewash hands 8. Wipe down machine
What are the 5 types of sterilization? 1. Chemical 2.Dry heat 3.conventional gas 4.Gas plasma technology (newest) 5.Autoclaving (quickest and most common)
In this type of sterilization Items are cleaned, wrapped, and placed in a unit where low-temp. hydrogen peroxide gas plasma diffuses through the wrapping and kills microorganisms and spores. Gas Plasma Technology
Name some advantages of gas plasma technology. *no toxic fumes *it can effectively sterilize endoscopes,fiberoptic devices, microsurgical instruments, and powered instruments.
T/F Gas plasma technology can sterilize instruments with long narrow lumina, powders, liquids, and cellulose materials (paper/cotton) False
This type of sterilization uses steam under pressure. Autoclaving
This type of sterilization is used for rubber, electrical, and plastic items. Conventional Gas Sterilization
What type of sterilization is used for powders and greasy substances? Dry Heat
Chemical sterilization can be used for? Endoscopes
Created by: kdearman