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Romeo and Juliet

English 9 Romeo and Juliet stack; based on study guide

TermDefinition
Romeo Montague; young, immature, impulsive, emotional, romantic
Juliet Capulet; 13, innocent, obedient, naive (at the beginning), mature, practical
Lord and Lady Montague Montague; Romeo's parents; noble, wealthy, high social status, equal wealth with the Capulets
Lord and Lady Capulet Capulet; Juliet's parents noble, wealthy, high social status, equal wealth with the Montagues
Mercutio Montague; Romeo's friend (18?), class clown, enjoys the spotlight, makes jokes at inappropriate times, crazy, quirky
Benvolio Montague; Romeo's cousin and friend, "good guy," peace keeper, loayl
Tybalt Capulet; Juliet's cousin, has a temper, likes fights, has anger management issues, doesn't listen to reason, hates all Montagues
Nurse Capulet; Juliet's nanny, has been with Juliet since birth, mothered Juliet, loyal
Paris Capulet; Juliet's arranged husband, older, wealthy, count (Juliet doesn't know him in the beginning but he wants to marry her anyway)
Friar Laurence Neutral; Monk, represents religion, wants peace, Romeo's mentor
Prince Escalus Neutral; ruler of Verona, doesn't like all the fighting
Balthasar Montague; Romeo's servant
Friar John Friar Laurence's fellow monk who is detained in bringing an important message to Romeo
Blank verse un-rhymed iambic pentameter ~Iambic pentameter: five unstressed syllables, each followed by a stressed syllable (da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM da DUM) "Thou art thyself, though not a Montague."
Tragic Hero Someone nobly born, may have great influence over their society. Character has a fatal flaw that leads to their own death. Although events in a tragedy are often set in motion by actions of the tragic hero, fate often plays a role. Romeo-impulsiveness
Soliloquy speech given by a character who is alone on stage to reveal the character's thoughts and feelings Ex: Juliet on the balcony
Dramatic Conventions Devices that an audience accepts as realistic even though they don't necessarily reflect the way people behave in real life Ex: the plainly visible vial; Romeo yelling about buying illegal poison
Foil Character whose personality or attitudes are in sharp contrast to those of another character in the same work. Foil is used to highlight the other character's traits or attitude. Ex: Tybalt and Benvolio
Allusion a brief reference inside the work to something outside the work that the audience is expected to recognize Ex: Queen Mab
Comic Relief humorous scene, incident, or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensity; helps the audience absorb earlier events and get ready for what is to come Ex: the nurse
Aside character's remark to the audience or another character that others on the stage aren't supposed to hear; also used to reveal character's thoughts Ex: Romeo before being noticed by Juliet in the balcony scene
Tragedy drama that ends in catastrophe, often death, for the main character and usually several other major characters Ex: Romeo, Juliet, Mercutio, Paris, Lady Montague, Tybalt
Dramatic irony audience knows something the characters don't know Ex: Juliet isn't dead
Verbal irony a mode of speech that implies attitudes or evaluations are opposed to what is literally expressed Ex: O, he's the courageous captain of compliments.
Situational irony set of circumstances that turn out to be the opposite of what is expected Ex: Juliet is expected to marry Paris and live happily ever after, but she "dies" and then commits suicide
Author of Romeo and Juliet? William Shakespeare
When was Shakespeare born? 4-23-1564
When did he die? 4-23-1616
Where was he born? Stratford-upon-Avon
Who was his wife? Anne Hathaway
What was the old theater? The Globe Theater
What happened to it? It burned down after a canon was fired on stage; the roof caught fire.
What were plays like? The actors were all male, the poorer people sat in the front (mosh pit style) while the wealthier people sat in raised balconies, audiences were often rowdy, like modern day concerts
Other stage details Actors went into the audience, groundlings were poor people who stood in the front, had no curtain or props, had no program so they had a chorus who would give the information that would have been in the program, performed during the day for the light
Theme "the subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic" big idea Message or lesson the author wants the reader to learn
Topic "a matter dealt with in a text, discourse, or conversation; a subject." Main thing, subject What the story is about in a word or two
What's the difference between them and topic? A theme is universal and can be applied to everything in the story Topic is also universal, but it doesn't teach us anything; it's what the story is about
Who did the prince lose? Paris and Mercutio
Who did the Capulets lose? Juliet and Tybalt
Who did the Monatagues lose? Romeo and Lady Montague
Created by: namelyme001