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test 4

Antiinfectives/IV fluids/blood products

QuestionAnswer
Anti-infective medications are commonly referred to as antibiotics.
Antibiotics are effective against many types of bacteria.
Antibiotics are not effective against any viral infection.
For antibiotics to be effective against a bacterial infection they must be taken on time and until the prescription (Rx) is completed.
If this procedure is not followed, the infection can remain, and the possibility of a resistant strain of bacteria can be created.
Bacteria are identified by using a staining technique.
Bacteria that stain pink are called gram negative.
Bacteria that stain violet are called gram positive.
Broad spectrum antibiotics are effective against a variety of different types of bacteria.
Antibiotics can reduce the effectiveness of an influenza vaccination.
Sulfonamide antibiotics are commonly referred to as sulfa drugs.”
sulfadiazine sulfonamide antibiotics
Gantrisin sulfonamide antibiotics
Bactrim or Septra sulfonamide antibiotics
Gantrisin AKA sulfisoxazole.
Bactrim or Septra sulfamethoxazole (SMZ) & trimethoprim (TMP)
Amoxil or Trimox penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
Principen penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
Pfizerpen or Bicillin or Permapen penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
Ticar penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
dicloxacillin. penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
nafcillin penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
oxacillin penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
piperacillin penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
methicillin penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
Augmentin penicillin (PCN) antibiotics:
Amoxil or Trimox AKA amoxicillin
Principen AKA ampicillin
Pfizerpen or Bicillin or Permapen AKA penicillin
Ticar AKA ticarcillin.
Penicillin (PCN) resistant bacteria produce an antagonistic enzyme called penicillinase.
MRSA stands for methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus
PCN stands for penicillin
Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is resistant to the following penicillin antibiotics methicillin, amoxicillin, penicillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin, and oxacillin
Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is normally found in 1% of the general population.
The most common place to find methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a hospital or nursing facility.
Most methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections are not serious but some can be life threatening.
Risk factors for methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection include 1. Diabetes mellitus (DM). 2. Cancer (Ca). 3. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). 4. Surgical procedures. 5. Poor aseptic technique
Outbreaks of community associated methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (CAMRSA) have been seen where people share close quarters such as schools, day care centers and gyms
The most effective technique to prevent transmission of methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is proper hand washing
PRSP stands for penicillin resistant streptococcus pneumonia.
The following medications will be classified as 1. cefadroxil. 2. Duricef. 3. cefazolin. 4. cephalexin (free). 5. Keflex. 6. cefaclor cephalosporin antibiotics
7. Ceclor. 8. cefditoren. 9. Spectracef. 10. cefotetan. 11. Cefotan. 12. cefoxitin cephalosporin antibiotics
13. Mefoxin. 14. cefprozil. 15. Cefzil 16. cefuroxime. 17. Ceftin. 18. Zinacef cephalosporin antibiotics
19. cefdinir. 20. Omnicef. 21. cefepime. 22. Maxipime. 23. cefixime. 24. Suprax cephalosporin antibiotics
25. cefoperazone. 26. Cefobid. 27. cefotaxime. 28. Claforan. 29. cefpodoxime. 30. Vantin cephalosporin antibiotics
31. ceftazidime. 32. Tazicef. 33. Ceptaz 34. Fortaz. 35. ceftibuten. 36. Cedax cephalosporin antibiotics
37. ceftizoxime. 38. Cefizox. 39. ceftriaxone. 40. Rocephin. 41. Ceftobiprole cephalosporin antibiotics
Ceclor cephalosporin antibiotics
Mefoxin cephalosporin antibiotics
Maxipime cephalosporin antibiotics
Suprax cephalosporin antibiotics
Claforan cephalosporin antibiotics
Vantin cephalosporin antibiotics
Ceptaz cephalosporin antibiotics
Fortaz cephalosporin antibiotics
Cedax cephalosporin antibiotics
Rocephin cephalosporin antibiotics
Methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is resistant to cephalosporin antibiotics except Ceftobiprole.
Many patients who are allergic to penicillin (PCN) antibiotics are also allergic to cephalosporin antibiotics
A medication that prolongs the therapeutic blood levels of penicillin antibiotics and cephalosporin antibiotics is called probenecid
Garamycin aminoglycoside antibiotics
kanamycin aminoglycoside antibiotics
Kantrex aminoglycoside antibiotics
amakacin aminoglycoside antibiotics
Amakin aminoglycoside antibiotics
neomycin aminoglycoside antibiotics
paromomycin aminoglycoside antibiotics
Humatin aminoglycoside antibiotics
streptomycin aminoglycoside antibiotics
tobramycin aminoglycoside antibiotics
TOBI aminoglycoside antibiotics
Tobrex aminoglycoside antibiotics
Garamycin AKA gentamicin
Aminoglycoside antibiotics can be nephrotoxic (kidney failure) and/or ototoxic (deafness)
Vibramycin or Vibra-Tabs tetracycline antibiotics
demeclocycline tetracycline antibiotics
Declomycin tetracycline antibiotics
Minocycline tetracycline antibiotics
Dynacin tetracycline antibiotics
Minocin tetracycline antibiotics
tetracycline tetracycline antibiotics
Sumycin tetracycline antibiotics
Vibramycin or Vibra-Tabs AKA doxycycline
Cipro miscellaneous antibiotics
Cipro AKA ciprofloxacin
Cipro (ciprofloxacin) can lose effectiveness if combined with fruit juices
Zithromax Z-Pak miscellaneous antibiotics
Biaxin miscellaneous antibiotics
Levaquin miscellaneous antibiotics
Floxin miscellaneous antibiotics
Avelox miscellaneous antibiotics
E.E.S. or Eryzole or Eryderm or Eryc or EryPed or Erythrocin or Ery-Tab or Pediazole erythromycin
Erythromycin drops (gtt) are commonly administered to treat sexually transmitted diseases IN THE EYES OF neonate (newborn) {NB}.
Vancocin AKA vancomycin
Vancocin (vancomycin) is commonly prescribed to treat methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).
Zithromax Z-Pak AKA azithromycin
VRSA stands for vancomycin resistant staphylococcus aureus.
VRE stands for vancomycin resistant enterococcus
AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus
Only __ cases of occupational exposure has resulted in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Only __ cases of occupational exposure has resulted in the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. 55
The “window period” for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is 2 weeks to 6 months.
The “window period” is the time between exposure to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and detection with a blood test
A person with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can transmit the virus to others during the window period
The average incubation period between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is 2-10 years.
The diagnosis (Dx) of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) occurs when the CD4 T lymphocyte count drops below 200 mm3 or an opportunistic infection occurs
Antiviral medications work by interfering with the reproductive cycle of the virus targeted
Retrovir Antiviral medications to treat the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Epivir Antiviral medications to treat the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Sustiva Antiviral medications to treat the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
Retrovir AKA zidovudine
Epivir AKA lamivudine
Sustiva AKA efavirenz (EFV).
Retrovir (zidovudine), Epivir (lamivudine), and Sustiva (efavirenz) are routinely given in combination and called an AIDS cocktail.”
Antiviral medications prescribed to treat the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) must be taken faithfully every day to prevent the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from developing a resistance
_______is prescribed to treat the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) Lithobid (lithium)
CONT'D -because of it’s side effect (SE) of leukocytosis
Leukocytosis means an elevated white blood cell count
Lithobid (lithium) is primarily used to treat bipolar mental disorder (BMD) AKA manic-depressive illness (MDI).
acyclovir Antiviral medications to treat the herpes simplex virus I (HSVI) include
Abreva Antiviral medications to treat the herpes simplex virus I (HSVI) include
acyclovir AKA Zovirax.
acyclovir Antiviral medications to treat the herpes simplex virus II (HSVII) include:
Valtrex Antiviral medications to treat the herpes simplex virus II (HSVII) include:
acyclovir Antiviral medications to treat the herpes zoster virus (HZV) (shingles) include:
Valtrex Antiviral medications to treat the herpes zoster virus (HZV) (shingles) include:
Tamiflu Antiviral medications to treat influenza A and B include
Relenza Antiviral medications to treat influenza A and B include
Symmetrel Antiviral medications to treat influenza A and B include
Ringworm Fungal infections (dermatophytosis) include:
Athlete’s foot Fungal infections (dermatophytosis) include:
Ringworm AKA tinea corporis
Athlete’s foot AKA tinea pedis
GROIN RINGWORM, JOCK ITCH AKA tinea cruris
Fungal infection of the scalp AKA tinea capitis
Candida albicans (candidiasis) Fungal infections (dermatophytosis) include:
Onychomycosis Fungal infections (dermatophytosis) include:
Candida albicans (candidiasis) AKA vaginal yeast infection or thrush.
Onychomycosis which is a fungal infection of the nails
Medications to treat fungal infections (dermatophytosis) are called antifungals
Diflucan Antifungal medications
Nizoral Antifungal medications
Fungizone Antifungal medications
Monistat or Vagistat Antifungal medications
Diflucan AKA fluconazole
Nizoral AKA ketoconazole
Fungizone AKA amphotericin B
Monistat or Vagistat AKA miconazole or tioconazole
The bag or bottle containing intravenous (IV) fluid, connecting tubing, and a needle or flexible catheter inserted in the vein is called an intravenous (IV) line.
Intravenous (IV) infusion rate orders are usually expressed as milliliters (mL)/hour or cubic centimeters (cc)/hour.
When an intravenous (IV) fluid is administered over several hours it is called an intravenous (IV) drip
A drop (gt) is AKA minim
A small bag/bottle of medication connected into the intravenous (IV) tubing and hung next to the main intravenous (IV) bag/bottle is called intravenous piggyback (IVPB).
Intravenous (IV) tubing has rubber stoppers to inject medications called ports
A very slow infusion of intravenous (IV) fluid designed to prevent coagulation from occurring at the opening of the intravenous (IV) catheter is called keep vein open (KVO) AKA to keep open (TKO
Intermittent administration of intravenous (IV) medications and fluids via an intravenous (IV) access site without the intravenous (IV) tubing or continuous intravenous (IV) infusion is called a reseal or heparin lock (“hep-lock”).
A computer that controls the amount of intravenous (IV) solution delivered to a patient (Pt) is called an infusion pump.
A programmable device allowing a patient (Pt) to administer their own intravenous (IV) analgesic (narcotic) is called patient controlled analgesia (PCA
A catheter inserted into a peripheral vein and advanced to the superior vena cava for prolonged intravenous (IV) therapy such as antineoplastics (chemotherapy) is called peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC).
A catheter inserted into a large central vein for prolonged intravenous (IV) therapy such as hemodialysis (HD) is called a central line (CL).
The salts of the body are also referred to as electrolytes (“lytes”) and include sodium (Na), potassium (K), and chloride (Cl).
Ringer’s lactate is a solution made of fixed amounts of dextrose, sodium (Na), potassium (K), chloride (Cl), calcium (Ca), and lactate
TPN which stands for total parenteral nutrition AKA hyperalimentation (“hyperal”).
Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is complete nutrition provided through an intravenous (IV) catheter
Such nutrition will include: A. Intravenous (IV) lipids LIPIDS ARE FATS
Intravenous (IV) lipids AKA Intralipid or Liposyn.
B. Amino acids for protein creation
Salts (electrolytes).
Sugar dextrose)
M.V.I. which stands for multivitamins for injection.
Whole blood (WB) contains Erythrocytes which are red blood cells (RBCs).
Whole blood (WB) contains Leukocytes which are white blood cells (WBCs).
Whole blood (WB) contains Thrombocytes AKA platelets (clot cells).
Plasma which is the liquid portion of the blood containing proteins and clotting factors
PRBCs which stands for packed red blood cells.
Packed red blood cells (PRBC) are concentrated numbers of erythrocytes (RBCs) and very little plasma.
FFP which stands for fresh frozen plasma
Cryoprecipitates which refers to clotting factor(s).
Cryoprecipitates are used to treat the genetic coagulopathy hemophilia.
Dextran which is a plasma volume expander
Blood products are commonly measured in units (U).
Created by: amanjo