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GI Agents

GI Agent Classes

Antacids Side effects: Constipation/Diarrhea. *Increased doses over time may cause pt noncompliance.
H2 Antagonists Block gastric acid and pepsin/gastrin secretion. Side effects: drowsiness, constipation. *Bedtime dose very important.
Proton Pump Inhibitors Daily maintenance med. Inhibit parietal cell ATP pump. Used for: GERD, erosive esophagitis, h. Pylori. *Capsules can be opened/sprinkled.
Anti inflammatory Agents For: Crohn's, Ulcerative colitis. *sulfasalazine contraindicated in patients taking sulfa drugs/aspirin. Can stain pee/contacts yellow.
Emollient/Saline Laxatives Draw water into colon
Stimulant Laxatives Increase gut activity from mucosal stimulation.
Bulk Forming Laxatives Increase fiber, safest option.
Antiemetics Inhibit impulse from chemoreceptors to stomach. Side effect: Drowsiness
Antiflatulents Reduce surface tension, allowing gas bubbles to combine/release.
Anti Obesity Side effect: CNS stimulation. *All controlled substances except Xenical.
Created by: neraulyelsserp