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Population Vocab


Demographic Transition Model Demographic transition (DT) refers to the transition from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.
Industrial of, relating to, or characterized by industry.
Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution' A period of major industrialization that took place during the late 1700s and early 1800s. The Industrial Revolution, beginning in Great Britain, quickly spread throughout the world.
Crude Birth Rate The crude birth rate is the number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year.
Crude Death Rate The crude death rate is the number of live deaths occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year.
Natural Increase Rate In demographics, the rate of natural increase (RNI) is the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population.
Total Fertility The TFR represents the average number of children a woman would have through her lifetime.
Infant Mortality Rate The IMR is the estimate of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births.
Zero Population Growth The maintenance of a population at a constant level by limiting the number of live births to only what is needed to replace the existing population.
Primary Economic Activity Primary Economic Activities are those activities where natural resources are extracted from the Earth.
Infrastructure The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities needed for the operation of a society or enterprise.
Subsistence Farming Subsistence agriculture is self-sufficiency farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed the family.
Agricultural Production The science, art, or occupation concerned with cultivating land, raising crops, and feeding, breeding, and raising livestock; farming. 2. the production of crops, livestock, or poultry. 3. agronomy.
Replacement Babies Babies that were back ups if one dies to help the family grow to farm for the family.
Famine Extreme scarcity of food.
Epidemic A sudden, widespread occurrence of a particular undesirable phenomenon.
Pandemic (of a disease) prevalent over a whole county or the world.
Agricultural Revolution An agricultural revolution or agrarian revolution is a period of transition from the pre-agricultural period characterized by a Paleolithic diet, into an agricultural period characterized by a diet of cultivated foods.
Mechanization Mechanization or mechanization (BE) is the process of doing work with machinery. In an early engineering text a machine is defined as follows:
The Medical Revolution A medical revolution that are improvements in the technology and the medical tools. Also resulted in lower deaths.
Created by: 10015283