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DTM Vocabulary (1-2)

DTM Vocabulary

Demographic transition model (DTM) high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates as a country develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system. (tier 3)
Industrial characterized by industry. (tier 2)
Industrial revolution the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840. (tier 2)
CBR the number of live births occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 mid-year total population of the given geographical area during the same year. (tier 2)
CDR Crude Death Rate: the number of deaths occurring among the population of a given geographical area during a given year, per 1,000 mid-year total population of the given geographical area during the same year. (tier 2)
Natural increase Rate: crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population. (tier 2)
Total fertility rate a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime. (tier 2)
Infant mortality rate an estimate of the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 live births. (tier 2)
Zero Population growth the maintenance of a population at a constant level by limiting the number of live births to only what is needed to replace the existing population. (tier 2)
Primary Economic activity primary sector of the economy is the sector of an economy making direct use of natural resources. (tier 3)
Subsistence farming Subsistence farming (survival) means the society does not have a stabilized agricultural production. People are at risk of dying. Receptive to disease, starvation or death. The elderly or young would die first. (tier 3)
Agricultural production The science of cultivating land, producing crops, and raising livestock. (tier 2)
Replacement babies a baby is often described as a "replacement child," a substitute or replacement for the child who died. (tier 2)
Famine extreme scarcity of food. (tier 1)
Epidemic a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time. (tier 1)
Pandemic an outbreak of a pandemic disease. (tier 1)
Agricultural revolution An agricultural revolution or agrarian revolution is a period of transition from the pre-agricultural period characterized by a Paleolithic diet, into an agricultural period characterized by a diet of cultivated foods. (tier 3)
Mechanization Mechanization: the process of doing work with machinery. (tier 2)
The Medical Revolution The Medical Revolution: The advance of medicine and medical technology, lives were extended and people were healthier. (tier 2)
Infrastructure the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise. (tier 1)
Created by: ooo30634



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