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Intro to Bonding

QuestionAnswer
The atomic particle with a positive charge is called the ... Proton.
The number of protons in an atom is the Atomic Number
The number of protons is equal to the number of __ in a neutral atom. Electrons
If an atom LOSES electrons, what charge will it become? Positive
If an atom loses electrons, it is now a charged particle called an... Ion
If an atom GAINS electrons, it will have what charge? Negative
Name the atomic particle with a negative charge. Electron
If an atom gains electrons, it is now a charged particle called an... Ion
When bonding, what is the number of electrons that most atoms "Want" in the Outer Energy Level? 8
The electrons in the Outer Energy Level ONLY are called ___ electrons. Valence
If an atom has 1 electron in its outer energy level, will it tend to gain, lose or not react? Lose electrons
If an atom has 7 electrons in its outer energy level, will it tend to gain, lose or not react? Gain electrons
If an atom has 8 electrons in its outer energy level, will it tend to gain, lose or not react? Not react
When atoms gain or lose electrons, what type of BOND is formed? Ionic Bond
Ionic Bonding because the + ion and the - ion.... Attract each other
A bond where electrons in the outer energy level are SHARED is called a __ Bond. Covalent Bond
If Helium has atomic #2 and a mass of 4, how will it bond? It won't - He is filled with 2 elelctons in the 1st level.
The atomic particle that is responsible for bonding is the ____ ONLY. Electron
How many electrons does it take to fill the 2nd energy level? 8
Created by: chamberlin819