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Thermal Energy&Heat

TermDefinition
Temperature a measure of the average kinetic energy of each particle within an object
Fahrenheit scale The temperature scale on which water freezes at 32 degrees and boils at 212 degrees
Celsius scale the temperature scale on which water freezes at zero and boils at 100 degrees
Kelvin scale the temperature scale on which zero is the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter (absolute zero)
absolute zero The temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter
heat Thermal energy that is transferred from one substance to another.
conduction The transfer of heat between particles within a substance
convection the transfer of heat by the movement of currents within a fluid or gas
radiation the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves
conductor A material that easily transfers heat between its particles, conducts heat well
insulator A material that does not easily transfer heat between its particles
state the three forms in which matter exists - solid, liquid, gas
change of state The physical change of matter from one state to another.
melting The change from the solid to the liquid form of matter
melting point The temperature at which a substance melts
freezing The change from the liquid to the solid form of matter
freezing point The temperature at which a substance freezes.
vaporization The change from the liquid to the gaseous form of matter
evaporation Vaporization that occurs on the surface of a liquid
boiling point The temperature at which a liquid substance boils
condensation The change from the gaseous to the liquid form of matter
Energy The ability of a system to do work
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space
Created by: MrsSchiemann