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Energy

Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Energy due to motion. Kinetic energy
Energy carried by an electric current. Electric energy
Stored energy due to the interactions between objects or particle. Potential energy
Energy that is stored in and released from the bonds between atoms. Chemical energy
Energy stored in and released from the nucleus of an atom. Nuclear energy
Sum of the potential energy and the kinetic energy in a system Mechanical energy
The sum of the kinetic energy and the potential energy of the particles that make up an object. Thermal energy
Energy carried by sound waves. Sound energy
The energy transferred by waves moving through the ground. Seismic energy
Energy carried by an electromagnetic wave. Radiant energy
The conversion of one form of energy to another. Energy transformation
The same type of energy moves from one object to a different object. Energy transfer
Law that states that energy can be transformed from one form to another, but it cannot be created or destroyed. Law of conservation of energy
The amount of energy used as a force moves an object over a distance. Work Work= Force x Distance W= fd
A machine that does work using one movement. Simple machine
A simple machine that consists of a ramp, or a flat, sloped surface. Inclined plane
A simple machine that consists of an inclined plane wrapped around a cylinder Screw
A simple machine that consists of an inclined plane with one or two sloping sides; it is used to split or separate an object. Wedge
A simple machine that consists of a bar that pivots, or rotates, around a fixed point. Lever
A simple machine that consists of an axle attached to the center of a larger wheel, so that the shaft and wheel rotate together. Wheel and Axle
A simple machine that consists of a grooved wheel with a rope or cable wrapped around it. Pulley
Two or more simple machines working together Complex machine
The ratio of output work to input work. Efficiency
The ability to cause change. Energy
Created by: Projectile