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Chapter 4 - RTT 122

Exploring Medical Language 9th Edition

TermDefinition
Cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o skin
Hidr/o sweat
Kerat/o horny tissue, hard
Onych/o, ungu/o nail
Seb/o sebum, oil
Trich/o hair
Aut/o self
Bi/o Life
coni/o dust
crypt/o hidden
heter/o other
myc/o fungus
necr/o death
pachy/o thick
rhytid/o wrinkles
staphyl/o grapelike cluster
strept/o twisted chains
xer/o dry
epi- on, upon, over
intra- within
para- beside, beyond, around, abnormal
per- through
sub- under, below
trans- through, across, beyond
-a no meaning, noun suffix
-coccus berry shaped
-ectomy excision
-ia diseased or abnormal state, condition of
-itis inflammation
-malacia softening
-opsy view of, viewing
-phagia eating or swallowing
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhea flow, discharge
-tome instrument used to cut
abrasion scraping away of the skin
abscess localized collection of pus
acne inflammatory disease involving sebaceous glands and hair follicle
actinic keratosis pre-cancerous skin condition of horny tissue
albinism genetic condition = lack of pigment in skin, hair and eyes
basal cell carcinoma epithelial tumor
candidiasis yeast infection of skin, mouth or vagina
carbuncle infection characterized by cluster of boils caused by staphylcoccus
cellulitis inflammation of the skin and SQ layer by infection
contusion injury with no break in skin
eczema non-infectious, inflammatory disease of skin characterized by redness, itching
fissure slit or cracklike sore in the skin
furuncle painful skin node caused by staph in the hair follicle
gangrene death of tissue caused by loss of blood supply followed by bacterial invasion
herpes inflammatory skin disease caused by herpes virus; characterized by small blisters in clusters
impetigo superficial skin infection characterized by pusutles
infection invasion of pathogens in the body tissue
Kaposi sarcoma cancerous condition starting as purple or brown papules on the lower extremities
laceration torn, ragged edged wound
lesion any visible change in tissue resulting from injury or disease
MRSA infection methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureaus infection
pediculosis invasion into the skin and hair by lice
psoriasis chronic condition of skin producing red lesions covered with silvery scales
rosacea chronic disorder of skin that produces erythema, papules, pustules, and broken blood vessels
scabies sarcoptic mite = itching mite
scleroderma disease characterized by chronic hardening of the connective tissue of the skin and other organs
squamous cell carcinoma malignant growth from epithelial tissue
Systemic lupus erythematosus chronic inflammatory disease of skin, joints, kidneys, and nervous system
tinea fungal infection of the skin
urticaria hives
vitiligo white patches on the skin caused by the destruction of melanocytes
cauterization destruction of tissue with a hot or cold instrument
debridement removal of contaminated or dead tissue and foreign matter
dermabrasion procedure to remove skin scars with abrasive material
excision removal by cutting
incision surgical cut
Mohs surgery technique of microscopically controlled serial excisions of a skin cancer
suturing to stitch edges of a wound surgically
alopecia hair loss
cicatrix scar
cyst closed sac containing fluid or semisolid material
cytomegalovirus herpes type virus that usually causes disease when the immune system is compromised
diaphoresis sweating
ecchymosis escape of blood into the skin
edema swelling
erythema redness
induration abnormal hard spots
jaundice yellow tinged to the skin
keloid overgrowth of scar tissue
leukoplakia condition characterized by white spots of patches on mucous membrane
macule flat, colored spot on the skin
nevus circumscribed malformation of the skin - birthmark
nodule small, knot like mass that can be felt by touch
pallor paleness
papule small, solid skin elevation
petechia pinpoint skin hemorrhage
pressure ulcer erosion of the skin caused by prolonged pressure
pruritus itching
purpura small hemorrhages in the skin
pustule elevation of skin containing pus
ulcer erosion of the skin or mucous membrane
verruca circumscribed cutaneous elevations caused by virus
vesicle small elevation of the epidermis containing liquid
wheal transitory, itchy elevation of the skin with a white center and red surrounding; hive
virus microorganism lacking independent metabolism and only replicates within living host
fungus organism that feeds by absorbing organic molecules; reproduce by budding of spore formation
bacteria single-celled microorganism that reproduce by cell division
dermatitis inflammation of the skin
dermatoconiosis abnormal condition of skin caused by dust
dermatofibroma fibrous tumor of skin
hidradenitis inflammation of sweat gland
leiodermia condition of smooth skin
leukoderma white skin
onychocryptosis abnormal condition of hidden nail
onychomalacia softening of the nails
onychophagia eating the nails
onychomycosis abnormal condition of fungus in the nails
pachyderma thickening of the skin
paronychia diseased state around the nails
seborrhea discharge of sebum
trichomycosis abnormal conditions of fungus in the hair
xeroderma dry skin
biopsy view of life
dermatoautoplasty surgical repair using one's own skin
dermatoheteroplasty surgical repair using another's skin
dermatome instrument used to cut skin
dermatoplasty surgical repair of the skin
onychectomy excision of a nail
rhytidectomy excision of wrinkles
rhytidoplasty surgical repair of wrinkles
dermatologist physician who studies and treats skin
dermatology study of skin
epidermal pertaining to upon the skin
erythroderma red skin
hypodermic pertaining to under the skin
intradermal pertaining to within the skin
keratogenic originating in horny tissue
necrosis abnormal condition of death
percutaneous pertaining to through the skin
staphylococcus berry shaped in grapelike clusters - bacteria
streptococcus berry shaped in twisted chains- bacteria
subcutaneous pertaining to under the skin
transdermal pertaining to through the skin
ungual pertaining to the nails
xanthoderma yellow skin - jaundice
Created by: slloyd2