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Which antiviral drug is used in the treatment and prophylaxis of influenza A and B? zanamivir (Relenza)
Urticaria and pruritus as examples of... allergic reactions
Which of the following drugs acts by preventing the HIV virus from entering immune cells? enfuvirtide (Fuzeon)
A pharmacy has an inventory value of $145,000.00 per week with product costs of $36,000.00. The goal is to have the days' supply at 25 days. What will inventory need to be dropped by to attain this goal? $15,429.00
There are 120 mg of triamcinolone powder in 4 oz of cream. What is the percentage strength of the cream? 0.1% w/v
Which of the following drugs is NOT used in the treatment of asthma? propranolol (Inderal)
What is meant by a leading zero? a zero before the decimal on a number less than one
Which of the following should the pharmacy technician used to determine the stability of a manufactured sterile product? expiration dating
The environment in which a pharmacy technician compounds sterile products is called a clean room
How is pulse dosing of antifungal drugs for nail infections utilized? Pulse doses are usually given for 1 week per month
How many teaspoonfuls are in a quart? 192 tsp
What did the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 require of new drugs before they could be marketed in the U.S? safety
What is the term for the difference between the selling price and the purchase price of a drug? gross profit
In what major way does COPD differ from asthma? Asthma primarily affects inspiration; emphysema primarily affects expiration
An amp of calcium chloride is 10% and contains 10 mL. How many grams of calcium chloride are in each amp? 1g
which of the following drug is used to treat respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) beractant (Survanta)
What antibiotic (or combination) may be used to treat urinary tract infections (UTIs) All choices are correct
What volume is 60 minims equivalent to? 1 fluidram
Which drug or class of drugs may be used to treat heart failure? All of the choices may be used in the treatment of heart failure (digoxin, diuretics, angiotensin converting enxyme (ACE) inhibitors)
When mixing solids and liquids, how can the solid be made to dissolve faster? heat the liquid if stable
According to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), which of the following drugs currently has the least potential for abuse? phenobarbital
What is an advantage of commercially prepared frozen IV solutions? They result in less wastage
A 1:500 solution is ordered, and you have in stock a 5% solution, a 2% solution, and a 0.2% solution. Which one will you use? 0.2%
What is the most frequent form of bacterial resistance to antibiotics? destruction of antibiotic by bacterial enzymes
Which second-generation (atypical) antipsychotic drug carries a Black Box warning because the drug may cause a serious reduction in white blood cells? clozapine (Clozaril)
What drug is used to treat syphilis and is the only agent active against growing bacteria? penicillin G Benzathine (Bicillin L-A)
Why is mycophenolic acid (Myfortic) used in renal transplant patients? as an immunosuppresant
What device is used to assess the severity of asthma? peak flow meter
What class of drugs is commonly used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)? alpha adrenergic blockers
With what clinical condition does the patient experience chest heaviness, pressure, tightness, choking, a squeezing sensation, as well as sweating, dizziness, and dyspnea? angina
If there is a 1 g of sodium bicarbonate in 1 L of water, what percentage is the solution? 0.1%
What is anticipatory compounding? preparing an excess amount of a prescription
Which of the following drugs is indicated only for long-term maintenance therapy of bronchospasms associated with emphysema and bronchitis? tiotropium (Spiriva)
What is the term for the difference between the selling price of a product and the overall cost of an item? net profit
How many tablespoonsful are in a 12 fl oz bottle of milk of magnesia? 24 tbsp
Pick a product to fill a medication order for atropine 0.5 mg/mL injectable 1:2000
If the overall cost for a month of birth control pills is $29.95 and the selling price is $32.50, what is the percent profit? 8.5%
For which class of antidepressant drugs should the patient be given instructions on food and other drugs to be avoided because of the potential for a severe hypertensive crisis? monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MOAIs)
What size of filter needle should be used to withdraw a hazardous agent from an ampule? 5 micron
What term describes tumors that have detached and relocated to form tumors in other parts of the body? metastatic tumors
What recombinant DNA agent increases red blood cell production? epoetin alpha (Epogen, Procit)
What drug is equivalent to granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)? filgrastim (Neupogen)
What is most often used in the pharmacy for estimating beyond-use dating? UPS<795>
What drug stimulates insulin release from pancreatic beta cells? repaglinide (Prandin)
A mother has an oral syringe that is marked with milliliters. The dose for her child is 1 3/4 tsp. How many milliliters should she administer? 8.8 mL
Which federal aw required the manufacturer to prove that a drug was safe before it could be marketed in the United States? Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (1938)
Which of the following is NOT an antiemetic? Morphine
A balance with a least weighable quantity of 80 mg is used to compound a prescription with 15 mg of drug in sterile water. What is the smallest factor that may be used to calculate the amount of active drug to be weighed? 6
with what bacterial pathway do sulfonamides interfere? folic acid biosynthesis
which herbal remedy has been shown to relieve twelve symptoms that may be typical of cerebral insufficiency in elderly persons? ginkgo
what other term is sometimes used instead of antipsychotics? neuroleptics
what chemotherapeutics agents is used to treat Hodgkin disease? procarbazine (Matulane)
A hospital pharmacy buys twelve new computers at $1250.00 each. They are estimated to last 5 years and have a disposal value of $100.00 each. What is the annual depreciation rate for the twelve computers? $2,760.00
In large hospital pharmacies, which area of the sterile compounding lab should have an air quality of ISO Class 7 or lower? buffer area
The pharmacy technician uses a diluent powder to make a pediatric capsule
Where in the body does a drug's first-pass effect occur? in the liver
What is a symptom of hypothyroidism? apathy and easy fatiguing
If multiple topical formulations (creams, ointments, and gels) of the same steroid are available; in general, which is the most potent? ointment
The gradual combining of drugs using a mortar and pestle is called geometric dilution
Which unit of measure in the apothecary system is equivalent to either 60 mg or 65 mg, depending on the manufacturer? grain
How long can a medium-risk CSP be stored in the refrigerator? 4 days
If the selling price for Cymbalta is $66.69 for 30 capsules and the pharmacy pays $156.98 for 100 capsules, what is the markup rate? 42%
Which document is unique for each prescription? compounding log
What can assist the pharmacy technician in resolving an ethical dilemma that presents itself in pharmacy practice? all choices are correct
Which is the term to describe medication administered by injection and not by the gastrointestinal tract? parenteral
Diabetics must be aware that the oral suspension of ____ has a high sugar content. cefdinir (omnicef)
Which of the following dosage forms may be administered by more than one (oral vs. parenteral vs. topical) route? solutions
What term describes a thickening of the heart muscle? myocardial hypertrophy
which drug listed below can cause hypoglycemia? ethanol
Which of the following drugs is classified as a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), used in the treatment of HIV? efavirenz (Sustiva)
If the AWP of a drug is $7.35/tablet, the insurance company pays $75.25 for 10 tablets, and the dispensing fee is $5.25, what is the discount from AWP per the contract? 4.76%
What is the most frequent form of bacterial resistance to antibiotics? destruction of antibiotic by bacterial enzymes
A monthly fee paid to a pharmacy to cover all of a patient's prescriptions for the month is called a capitation fee
What is the term for a dose form prepackaged or repacked and ready for administration to a particular patient at particular time? unit dose
What drug below is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor used for IV therapy of congestive heart failure and calcium channel blocker intoxication? milrinone(Primcor)
What is the first oral therapy for interstitial cystitis? pentosan polysulfate sodium (Elmiron)
Which pair of anticonvulsants is most likely to interact with other drugs a patient may be taking? phenobarbital (Luminal) and phenytoin (Dilantin)
Which is the term to described medication administered by injection and not by the gastrointestinal tract? parenteral
which of the following is not an appropriate way to represent 20%? 0.02
What is a potential way in which anitepileptic medications can interact with each other and with other drugs? They can alter the metabolism of other drugs
Which of the following antipsychotic drugs is classified today as being "atypical"? olanzapine (Zyprexa)
Which drug listed below is one of a new class of anit-Parkinson drug that inhibits catechol-o-methyl transferase 9COMT) and is used to enhance the activity of levodopa? entacapone (Comtan)
Which of the following oral hypoglycemic agents acts by interfering with carbohydrate metabolism and glucose absorption? acarbose (Precose)
A 3 month supply (90 tablets) of Lipitor 10mg is sold for $270.00 to the patient. The pharmacy's purchase price for 100 tablets is $257.59. What is the gross profit? $38.17
Which of the following is a C-IV opioid/narcotic? butorphano
Percentage of error is representative of the accuracy of a measurement
Once a patient has opened an ophthalmic ointment, how long may the unused medication be safely kept? 30 days
Which of the following drugs is an inhibitor of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) and is used to treat congestive heart failure (CHEF) and hypertension? lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril)
Which of the following lipid-lowering agents interferes with the absorption of cholesterol from the intestines? ezetimibe (Zetia)
What drug listed below is approved to treat genital and perianal warts? imiquimod (Aldara)
What risk factor associated with Coumadin would require a MedGuide? may cause patient to bleed easily
Which of the following antihypertensive drugs is also available in a topical form that can be used to treat baldness? minoxidil
Folic acid is available in 10 mL vials of 5 mg/mL concentration. The patient needs to get 1 mg daily. How much diluent should be added to the 10 mL of concentrate to make 1 mg/mL product? 40 mL
What is the smallest particle removed by the HEPA filter in a horizontal LAFW? 0.3 micron
What analgesic drug binds centrally to opioid receptors and also inhibits the reuptake of norepinephrine (NE) and serotonin (5-HT) into nerve endings? tramadol (Ultram)
Phenobarbital is a drug that enhances drug metabolism by what process? metabolic induction
Which unit of measure in the apothecary system is equivalent to either 60 mg or 65 mg, depending on the manufacturer? grain
Which of the following drugs, used to treat frequent urination, is available as a transdermal patch> oxybutin (Ditropan, Oxytrol)
Which statement regarding linezolid is INCORRECT? It should be stored in a clear glass container
What is the first drug approved for the specific indication of sepsis? drotrecogin alfa
What drug used to treat cystic fibrosis destroys the DNA of leukocytes that accumulate in mucus? dornase alfa (Pulmozyme)
Which of the following drugs used to treat gout interferes with leukocytes, reducing their mobility and joint phagocytosis? colchicine
Which of the following drugs used to treat duodenal ulcers acts as a coating agent? sucralfate (Carafate)
Which of the following is an antichoinergic drug used to treat the extrapyramidal side effects of antipsychotic therapy? benztropine (Cogentin)
What percentage of patients allergic to penicillins are also allergic to cephalosporins? 1
What is an example of a 'loop' diuretic? furosemide (lasix)
What is the drug of choice for preeclampsia and eclampsia? magnesium sulfate
How can you determine if a PN solution containing lipids has cracking? by adding hydrochloric acid
What is the most common error in dispensing or administering a medication? incorrect drug identification
For the treatment of hepatitis, which drug listed below is an interferon linked with branched polyethylene glycol (PEG) molecule in order to allow once weekly dosing? peginterferon alfa-2a (Pegasys)
Which tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) is used primarily in children for bedwetting? imipramine (Tofranil)
What is the most common immunoglobulin? IgG
The Anabolic Steroid Act of 1990 limits the number of refills on anabolic steroid prescriptions
What is the only antipsychotic drug to have a ceiling dose, above which it may affect vision? thioridazine
what substances mediate pain, fever, and inflammation? prostaglandins
convert 2 apothecary pound to ounces 24 ounces
What antispasmodic agent must be dosed twice daily but does not cause drowsiness, because it does not enter the brain? trospium (Sanctura)
A patient has a prescription for triamcinolone cream 0.01%, dispense 3 oz. How many grams are dispensed? 90 g
A graduate's smallest measurable quantity is 20 mL. How much diluent will be needed to accurately measure 8 mL of active ingredient if a factor of 3 is used? 48 mL
Which of the following drugs is a calcium channel blocker? amilodipine (Norvasc)
Which of the following drugs may be used to minimize the side effects of antipsychotic drugs? All choices are correct (diphenhydramine, benztropine, and meclizine)
What term is used when patients are taking multiple medications simultaneously? polypharmacy
An asthma attack consists of how many phases or responses? 2
A class of drugs for which doses are calculated according to body surface area is... antineoplastics
When this drug is dispensed, a "Do not drink alcohol" sticker must be attached to the container metronidazole
What is the accepted abbreviation for morphine sulfate? None of the above
How do salicylates reduce fever? increasing blood flow to the skin
What form of angina is characterized by coronary artery spasm? variant angina
What system, other than the respiratory system, is most impacted by cystic fibrosis? gastrointestinal
What term describes a chemical that destroys bacteria but not necessarily spores? germicide
Which of the following drugs is used for chemotherapy-induced emesis and frequently causes headaches in patients treated with it? ondansetron (Zofran)
What is the primary side effect when beta (adrenergic) blockers are used to treat angina? bradycardia
What is the name of the calcuation used to find the final concentration created when two or more ingredients of known concetration are added together? alligation medial method
When must a compounding pharmacy apply for a manufacturing license? if it sells directly to health professionals
Why should teithromycin (ketek) be used to treat ONLY penicillin- and macrolide-resistant strep pneumonia? it may cause arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats), which can be potentially life threatening
Which drug listed below is used to treat Parkinson's disease? levodopa (Dopar)
Which drug listed below is used to treat active Crohn disease and ulcerative colitits,but is usually reserved for moderate-to-severe cases. infliximab (Remicade)
Which drug, used to treat osteoporosis, has estrogen effects on lipids and bone but inhibits other estrogen receptors? roloxifene (Evista)
Which of the following classes of drugs should be avoided in men with BPH? calcium channel blockers
what is the accepted abbreviation for morphine sulfate? none of the above
When taking which of the following antibiotics (or combinations) should patients apply sunscreen? ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
What class of drugs used to treat hypertension,angina,cardiac arrhythmias, and migraine headaches are contraindicated in asthma patients? beta blockers
What is a goal of balanced anesthesia? all of the choices are correct (amnesia, relaxed musclesm adequate ventilation, controlled pain)
Which of the following drugs may be used to minimize the side effects of antipsychotic drugs? all of the choices may be used. (diphenhydramine, meclizine, benztropine)
Which of the antiviral drugs listed below is also effective in treading patients with Parkinsonism? amatadine (Symmetrel)
Which of the following drugs is NOT a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor? amitriptyline (Elavil)
Which of the following antihypertensive drugs is also available in a topical form that can be used to treat baldness? minoxidil
Created by: erickahill