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4 & 5

conditioned stimulus stimulus that becomes able to produce a learned a reflex response by being paired with the original unconditioned stimulus
conditioned responed learned reflex response to a conditioned stimulus.
unconditioned response an involuntary(reflex) response to a naturally occurring or unconditioned stimulus
unconditioned stimulus a naturally occurring stimulus that lead to an involuntary reflex response
stimulus generalization the tendency to respond to stimulus that is only similar to the original conditioned stimulus with the conditioned response
stimulus discrimination the tendency to stop making a generalized response to a stimulus that is similar to the original conditioned stimulus because the similar stimulus is never paired with the unconditioned stimulus
extinction the disappearance or weakening of a learned response following the removal or absence of the u
reinforcement any event or stimulus that, when following a response, increases the probability that the response will occur again
primary reinforce any reinforce that is naturally reinforcing by meeting a basic biological need,such as hunger, thirst,or touch
secondary reinforce any reinforce that becomes reinforcing after being paired with a primary reinforce, such as praise, token, or gold star
positive reinforce the reinforcement of a response by the addition or experience of a pleasurable consequence,such as a reward or pat on
negative reinforce the reinforcement of a response by the removal, escape form, or avoidance of an unpleasant stimulus
fixed interval the kind of reinforcement schedule most people are more familiar
variable interval schedule schedule of reinforcement in which the interval of time that must pass before reinforcement becomes po
fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement in which the number
application the punishment of a response by the addition or experience of an unpleasant stimulus
removal the punishment of a response by the removal of a pleasurable stimulus
encoding set mental operations that people perform on sensory information to convert that information into a form that is usable in the brain's storage systems
storage holding onto information for some period of time
retrieval getting information that is in storage into a form that can be used
iconic visual sensory memory, lasting only fraction of a second
echoic the brief memory of something a person has just heard
duration sperling also found that if he delayed the tone for a brief
working memory an active system that processes the information
selective attention the ability to focus on only one stimulus from among all sensory input
chucking there is a way to fool stm into holding more information than is usual
maintenance rehearsal practice of saying information to be remembered over and over in one head in order to maintain it in short-term memory
long term memory the system of memory into which all the information is placed to be kept more or less permanently
short term memory the memory system in which information is held for brief period of time while being used
elaboration rehearsal a method of transferring information from stm into ltm by making that information meaning full in some way
implicit memory that is not easily brought into conscious awareness, such as procedural memory
explicit memory that is consciously known, such as declarative memory
procedural type of long term memory including memory for skill, procedures,habits,and conditioned responses. these memories are not conscious but are implied to exist because they affect conscious behavior
declarative type of long term memory containing information that is conscious and known
semantic type of declarative memory containing general knowledge such as knowledge of language and information learned in formal education
episodic type of declarative memory containing personal information not readily available to other such as daily actives and events
anterograde amnesia loss of memory from the point of injury or trauma forward, or the inability to form new long-term memories
proactive interference memory problem that occurs when older information prevents or interfere with the learning or retrieval of newer information
retroactive interference memory retrieval problem that occurs when newer information prevent or interferes with the retrieval of older information.
retrograde amnesia loss of memory from the point of some injury or trauma backward, or loss of memory for the past
constructive processing referring to the retrial or memories in which those memories are altered,revised, or influenced by newer information
hindsight bias the tendency to falsely believe, through revision of older memories to include newer information, that one could have correctly predicted the outcome of an event
misinformation effect the tendency of misleading information presented after an event to alter the memories of the event itself
hippo campus curved structure located within each temporal lobe, responsible for the foundation of long-term memories and the storage of memory for loction
Created by: stcalhoun2163
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