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Social Perception

QuestionAnswer
Social Perception a general term for the processes by which people come to understand one another
attribution theory describes the process by which we makeattributions: explanations for others’ behaviour
availabiltiy heuristics the tendency to estimate the likelihood that an event will occur by how easily instances of it come to mind (how readily available the memory is)
fundamental attributions error (F.A.E) the tendancy to focus on the role of personal causes and underestimate the impact of situations on others peoples behaviour
Base-rate fallacy the finding that people are relatively insensitive to consensus information presented in the from of numerical base rates
false-consensus effect the tendency for people to overestimate the extent to which others share their opinions, attributes and behaviours
counterfactual thinking the tendency to imagine alternative events of outcomes that might have occurred but did not
confirmation bias our tendency to seek interpret and create information that verifies existing beliefs
belief perserverance the tendency to maintain beleifs even after that have been discredited
priming effects The tendency for recently usedwords to come to mind easily and influence theinterpretation of new information.
implicit personality theory A network ofassumptions that we make about therelationships among traits and behaviours.
central traits Traits that exert a powerfulinfluence on overall impressions.
personal attribute attribution to internal characteristics of an actor such as ability, personality, mood or effort
situational attribution attribution to factors external to an actor such as the task, other people or luck
self-fulfilling prophecy the process by which ones expectations about a person eventually lead that person to behave in ways that confirm those expectations
Created by: beckydydle