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Abbreviations

Pharmacology abbreviations

AbbreviationMeaning
a Before
aa Of each
ac Before meals
am Morning
amp Ampule
aq water
bid twice a day
c with
C cup
cap capsule
CD controlled dose
CR controlled release
dil dilute
DS double strength
EC enteric coated
elix elixer
fl, fld fluid
GT gastrostomy tube
gtt drop
h, hr hour
hs hour of sleep (bedtime)
ID intradermal
IM intramuscular
IV intravenous
IVPB intravenous piggyback
KVO keep vein open
LA Long acting
LOS length of stay
min minute
mix mixture
NAS intranasal
NG, NGT nasogastric, nasogastric tube
noc, noct at night
NPO nothing by mouth
NS normal saline
p after
pc after meals
per by
pm evening
po by mouth
pr per rectum
prn as needed
ad lib as desired
q every
qam every morning
qh, q2h, q4h every hour, every two hours, every four hours etc..
qid four times a day
qd everyday
rect rectum
sl sublingual
sol, soln solution
SOS may be repeated if necessary
SR sustained release
S&S swish and swallow
stat immediately
subcut subcutaneous
supp suppository
susp suspension
syp syrup
tab tablet
tid three times a day
tr, tinct tincture
ung, oint ointment
vag, v vaginally
XL long acting
XR extended release
cc cubic centimeter
dr dram
g gram
gr grain
IU international unit
kg kilogram
L liter
mcg microgram
mEq milliequivalent
mL millileter
oz ounce
pt pint
qt quart
T, tbs tablespoon
t, tsp teaspoon
/ per
< less than
> greater than
+/- plus or minus
Created by: sderas