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# 6 S.S. Map Skills

bar scale a graphic that compares the distance on a map to the actual distance it represents
cardinal directions north, south, east and west
intermediate directions northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest
compass rose a directional arrow that shows cardinal and sometimes intermediate directions
legend a list that explains the symbols on a map
degrees unit for latitude and longitude
equator an imaginary line that runs around the center of the Earth, halfway between the North and South Poles
meridians imaginary lines on the Earth that run between the North and South Poles
north pole the point on the Earth located at 90 degrees north latitude, where the lines of longitude meet
parallels imaginary lines on Earth that run parallel (never touch or cross) to the equator (also called lines of latitude)
prime meridian an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole of the Earth at 0 degrees longitude
south pole the point on the Earth located at 90 degrees south latitude where the lines of longitude meet
cartographer a mapmaker
hemisphere half of the Earth
geographic grid an intersecting pattern formed by lines of longitude and latitude
absolute location a description of a place using grid coordinates of latitude and longitude (an exact spot)
coordinates the latitude and longitude address of a place on a map
relative location description of a place using the relation of one place to another (not exact-more general)
contiguous sharing an edge or boundary; touching
inset map a smaller map set within the border of a larger one
Created by: aprilfosterja

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