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Stack #163700

QuestionAnswer
What is anesthesia? Partial or complete loss of sensation
What is resuscitation? Act of bringing one back to full consciousness
Joseph Priestly In 1774, discovered oxygen by heating red oxide of mercury. Called O2 dephlogisticated air
Thomas Beddoes In 1800, founded the Pneumatic Institute in England, used O2 to terat heart disease, asthma, opium poisoning. Is the "Father of Inhalation Therapy" or the "Father of Respiratory Care"
ITA or Inhalation Therapy Association Increased standards in methods of care, increased professional advancement, increased cooperation, increased knowledge, grant certificates. First publication "the bulletin"
AAIT or American Association Inhalation Therapy outline membership qualifications, outline education requirements, by-laws developed
assault either a threat or an attempt to injure another in an illegal manner
battery unlawful touching of another person without his consent, with or without resultant injury. Assault and battery are often charged together because of successful attempt to injure
civil law pertain to legal relationships between private individuals
common law a term given to unwritten law, customs with authority of law, or precedents established by judges and juries in past cases
consent permission granted by a person voluntarily and in his right mind: written consent is safer because it is easier to prove
crime an act that is forbidden, or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law
criminal law defines legal obligations between the individual citizen and the state; distinguished from civil law, which defines legal relationships between private individuals
duty of care the obligation under law for a health care worker to perform services for a patient that meet the common standards of practice expected in the nation for a comparable worker
ethics the discipline dealing with what is good and bad, and with moral duty and obligations; a professional person is characterized by adherence to technical and ethical standards of a professions
false imprisonment holding or detaining a person against his will
felony a serious crime for which the penalty is imprisonment in the state prison for more than one year and possibly the death penalty
invasion of privacy a civil wrong that unlawfully makes public knowledge of any private or personal information without the consent of the wronged person
libel a civil wrong; to communicate in writing to a third party defamatory matter about an individual or group
licensure authorization by the state to practice one's profession or vocation; involves control of educational standards, licensing examination, and prohibitions for individuals who are not licensed
litigation another word for law suit
malpractice literally "bad practice" improper or injurious practice; unskilled and faulty medical or surgical treatment
misdemeanor a crime less serious than a felony, punishment by imprisonment in the county jail for a term of less than one year
negligence failure to perform in a reasonably prudent manner
privileged communication any personal or private information related to his/her care that a patient gives medical personnel
reasonable care the health worker is protected by law if it can be determined that he/she acted reasonably as compared with fellow workers; the patient is protected by recognition of the health worker's responsibility for duty of care
slander spoken statement of false charges that defame or damage another's reputation, as distinguished for libel which is written
statutory law that law which has been enacted by a legislative branch of government
tort a civil wrong; it may also be a crime
will a written document; legally executed, by which a person disposes of his property; to take effect after his/her death
moral rules or standards of what is right or just in regard to human behavior (common sense)
medical ethics a system of moral principles or standards governing conduct
law standards of human conduct established and enforced by the authority of an organized society through its government
physical law law of gravity/physical principles
moral law 10 commandments/ethics
common law based on custom and precedent
statutory and legislative law written laws - passed by Federal or State government
public law deals with relationship of private parties and government
criminal law welfare and safety of the public
administrative law regulations set by government agencies
civil/private law concerned with the recognitions and enforcement of the rights and duties of private individuals and organizations
consent for treatment voluntary agreement of a person to make an intelligent choice to do something proposed by another
autonomy is the right of a patient to make a choice or self-determination
veracity binds health provider and the patient to tell the truth. It is important to have trust and mutual sharing of all information
implied consent that manifested by signs, actions or facts or by inaction or silence which raises the presumption that the consent has been given
durable power of attorney or attorney in fact patients have the right and can state their medical care wishes in writing while they are healthy and able to choose. advanced directives let eh patient's doctor and others know their wishes about medical care
Patient Self-Determination Act of 1991 inform patients right to refuse treatment - prohibits discrimination
living will explains in writing the type of medical care you would want if you couldn't make your wishes known in: life sustaining treatment; terminal condition; permanently unconscious state; withdrawal of nutrition and hydration
breech of contract rare occurrence and based on theory, involves a guarantee by health care professional of a certain result that is not fulfilled; failure without legal excuse to perform any promise that forms the whole or part of a contract. Involves injury to patient
US Dept of Health and Human Services improve health safety, well-being of Americans
Invasion of Privacy (HIPAA) no persons other than those health care professionals who have direct access to the patient have a legal right to the patient's records.
negligence failure to perform reasonable or competently, act of commission/overlooking the obvious
malpractice any professional misconduct or unreasonable lack of skill; professional care below normal standards; bad faulty practice; wrong treatment is administered and results in injury, suffering or death and proceeding from ignorance carelessness, neglect or mali
civil - litigation (legal suits) may involve slight injury with no intention to harm or patient may die as a result of care; may be settled out of court
criminal - litigation (legal suits) involves intended harm which is unlawful and a court case is required
records liability chart is a legal document, accepted as evidence and truth in court; above reproach (no questioning); subject to examination by any legal person; available to an attorney only when a release of records form is signed; always confidential
medical records exceptions to release of information insurance payments; contagious diseases (CDC); child abuse cases; cases involving criminal acts
medical etiquette professional conduct, courtesy, and manners consistent with the profession
bio-ethics application of ethics to the biological sciences, medicine, nursing and health care. the practical ethical questions raised in everyday health care. Relationship to life
RCP respect, compassion, professionalism
Created by: casperella32