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chapter 1 vocab

geography the study of where people,places,and things are located and how they relate to each other.
Gis a computer technology to collect, manipulate,analyze,and display data about the earths surface in order to solve geographic problems.
absolute location its location on the globe.
hemisphere the equator divides the world into two halves.
relative location another way to locate a place,or its relation compared to other places.
character of a place consists of the places physical characteristics and human characteristics.
perception is a viewpoint that is influenced by one's own culture and experiences.
formal religions are areas in which certain characteristics are found throughout the area.
functional regions consist of a central place and the surrounding places affected by it.
perceptual regions are defined by people's feelings and attitudes about areas
Lithoshpere Soil,rocks,land forms, and other surface features.
Atmosphere layer of air,water,and other substances above the surface.
Hydrosphere consists of water in oceans,lakes,and rivers,and even under the ground.
Bioshphere the world of plants,animals,and other living things that occupy the land and waters of the planet.
Continents large landmasses in the oceans
relief the difference in elevation between the highest and lowest points.
Plate tectonics the earth's outer shell is not one solid sheet of rock.
continental drift theory the idea that continents slowly shift their positions due to movement of the tectonic plates on which they ride.
Ring of fire a circle of volcanoes surrounding the pacific ocean
weathering is the breakdown of rock at or near the earth's surface into smaller and smaller pieces.
mechanical weathering occurs when rock is actually broken or weakened physically
chemical weathering alters a rocks chemical makeup by changing the minerals that form the rock or combining them with new chemical elements.
acid rain chemicals in the polluted air combine with water vapor and fall back to earth as acid rain.
erosion the movement of weathered materials such as gravel,soil,and sand.
sediment small particles of soil,sand,and gravel.
leoss windblown deposits of mineral rich dust and silt
glaciers huge slow moving sheets of ice
moraines glaciers melted and receded in some places,they left behind ridge like piles of rocks and debris.
core center of the earth consists of very hot metal mainly iron mixed with some nickel
mantle a thick layer of rock mostly solid but some layers may be flexible.
crust rocky like surface layer surprisingly thin like frosting on a cake.
Created by: Jaxon01



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