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TermDefinition
Nervous System Used for communication. Consists of the brain, spinal cord, and a system of nerons.
Antiepileptic Reduces seizures
Parkinson Disease Nerve cells in the brain that control movemant begin to degenerate and lose their ability to release dopamine.
Alzheimer Disease Brain tissue begins to shrink in certain areas and never cells are lost.
Multiple Sclerosis Lesions are created on the nerves causing muscle weakness.
Headaches Consist, throbbing, dull or severe pain that may be on one side or throughout the head.
Neuropathic Pain The persistent stimulation pf nerve fibers or nerve damage that causes pain without prsseure or being touched.
Antidepressants Increases the neurotranmitters, serotonin and norepinephrine to balance the transmitters
Bipolar Disorder Extreme mood swings from angry, overly excited, and depresstion.
Anxiety The feeling of being powerless and unable to cope with stressful situations resulting in out of proportion worrying.
Antipsychotics A menatl disorder in which a persons ability to recognize reality is distorted.
Sedative and Hypnotic Sedatives reduce stress and produce a calming effect. Hypnotics produce sleep and drowsiness. used in sleep disorders.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Difficulty staying focused and paying attention.
Cardovascular System The transportation system. Consists of the heart, blood vessels, veins, and the blood.
Cholestrol Lowering Agents Drugs used to lower Low Density Lipoprotein and increase High Density Lipoproteins.
High Blood Pressure Agents Drugs used to reduce blood pressure.
Diuretics Decrease blood volume by decreasing blood volume.
Beta Blockers Decreases the volume of blood pumped by each contraction of the heart.
Ace Inhibitor and Angiotensin Receptor Blockers Blocks blood vessel constriction and salt/ water retention
Calcium Channel Blockers Slows the movement of calcium in and out of the cells, slowing heart rate.
Vasodilators effects nerve pathways to dilate blood vessels and reduce blood pressure.
Nitrates Increase the oxygen to the heart, dilate arterial and venous blood vessels.
Digoxin Increases the force of the heart, while decreasing the rate.
Antiarrhthmic Irregular heartbeats or abnormal heart rhythms.
Respiratory System Brings air into the body. Consists of the upper airways, the respiratory tract, and the lungs.
Bronchodilators Opens up the airways and makes it easier to breath.
Corticosteroids Suppresses inflammation and the immune response in the body.
Leukotriene Modifiers Causes the muscles in the bronchioles to relax and reduce inflammation.
Mast Cell Stabilizers Stabilizes the cell wall to reduce the need for Beta2 Agonists and symptoms.
Cough and Cold products Aimed at reducing the symptoms of the common cold.
Musculoskeletal System The framework of 206 bones and 600 muscles to create the skeleton.
Osteoporosis Agents Decreases the reabsorption of calcium and phosphorus and those that increase the deposition of calcium and phosphorus.
Anti-Inflammatory Used to reduce the symptoms of an unneeded response to infection or truma.
Skeletal Muscle Relaxants Used to treat muscle pains and spasms.
Analgesics Relieves pain by altering the way the brain recieves and interprets pain from the nerves.
Endocrine System Glands that release chemical substances into the blood to maintain hormones, energy and regulate growth and development.
Insulin Controls the level of blood glucose (sugar) in the body.
Oral Antidiabetic Agents Controls the level of blood glucose (sugar) in Type 2 Diabetes.
Thyroid Agents Influnences the rate of metabolism and the development of the body.
Immune System Provides constant protection against invasion by foreign substances or organisms.
Antihistamines Blocks the bodys response to histamines to reduce symptoms of allergies.
Nasal Corticosteroids Used for rhinitis and other allergic/ inflammatory conditions of the nose.
Vaccines Passive immunity is when the body is given the antibodies after the exposure to a disease. Active immunity is the bodys own immune response being stimulated.
Gastrointestinal System The digestive system. Removes soild waste from the body.
Antacids Neutralize existing acid in the stomach.
Histamine 2 Receptor Antagonists Reduce the output of acid from the stomach.
Proton Pump Inhibitors Prevents the production of acid in the stomach.
Antimetic (Anti-Nausea) Agents Helps to control or prevent nausea and vomiting.
Inflammatory Bowel Disease Agents Focus on treating the symptoms.
Antidiarrheal Slows the passage of the intestinal contents to allow absorption of water and electrolytes.
Laxatives Used to treat constipation.
Urinary System Removes liquid toxins from the body. Consists of the kidney, ureters, the bladder, and the urethra.
Over Active Bladder Agents Anticholinergic drugs that blocks detrusor muscle contractions.
The Eyes Fluid filled structures: Outer layer - Cornea, Middle Layer - Iris, Inner Layer - Retina.
Conjunctivitis Inflammation of the lining of the eye. Medications reduce symptoms.
Glaucoma Reduces the pressure in the eye by increasing the discharge of fluid.
The Ears Hearing and Balance. 3 Sections: The external, The Middle, and the Inner.
Otics Effective for impacted ear wax, minor infections or irritation of the auditory canal.
Corticosteroid Topicals Creams, ointments, and lotions available for a varity of skin conditions.
Agents to treat Dandruff, seborrhea, and Psoriasis Available as shampoos, bath additives, ointments, creams and lotions.
Agents to treat Lice and Scabies Parasites in the hair or on skin.
Agents to treat Acne Lesions called Comedones appear on the skin.
Women's Health Consists of the vulva, vagina, the uterus, the fallopian tubes, the ovaries, and the breasts.
Contraceptives Manipulates the levels of hormones to prevent pregnancy.
Fertility agents Used to increase the liklihood of getting pregnant.
Hormone Replacement Therapy Used to treat vasomotor symptoms, vaginal atrophy during menopause, and the prevention and treatment of Osteoporosis.
Men's Health The visible parts of men are the penis and the scrotum, while inside are the prostate gland.
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy A noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.
Erectile Dysfunction Medications to achieve an erection.
Anti- Infectives Invasion of tissue by bacteria, antivirals, and antifungals.
Antibiotics Used when the body's defenses need help fighting an infection.
Penicillin First antibiotic.
Cephaloporin Resistant to some bacteria that kills penicillin.
Carbapenems and Monobactams Used when other antibiotics don't work.
Macrolides Useful against organims that cause respiratory infections.
Sulfonamides Useful against bacteria that causes respiratory, urinary tract and ear infections.
Tetracyclines Only inhibit the reproduction of organisms (bacteriostatic).
Aminoglycosides Kills many organisms, including hospital acquired organisms.
Fluoroquinolones Useful in treating infections on penicillin allergic patients.
Clindamycin Effective against organisms found on the skin and in the mouth.
Metronidazole Effective against anaerobic bacteria, bacteria that grows without oxygen.
Vancomycin Used in nursing home or hospital infections and to treat infections of the heart.
Antitubercular Drugs Used for the provention and treatment of Tuberculosis (TB).
Antivirals Decreases the symptoms of viruses and HIV related infections.
Antiviral Agents Used to decrease the symptoms, and prevent viruses.
HIV Agents Inhibits HIV into becoming AIDS and treats opportunistic infections.
Antifungal Used to treat systematic funagl infections.
The Hematologic System Medications and diseases of the blood.
Blood Products Stimulates cell growth in weakened immune systems.
Anticoagulants Blood thinners used to prevent fatal blood clots from forming.
Thrombolytic Used to break apart already formed blood clots in emergencies.
Chemotherapy Agents Used to kill cancer cells that are left after the bulk of the tumor has been removed.
IV Chemotherapy Regimens, a combination of drugs used in the hospital.
Oral Chemotherapy Gives patients the ability to have treatment at home.
Nutritinoal and Dietary Supplements Essential to normal tissue growth, muscle contractions and nerve conduction.
Vitamins Essential for normal tissue growth, maintenance and functions.
Minerals Essential to muscle contraction, nerve conduction, water and acid balance.
Herbs Used as alternative medicine.
Created by: haileyxbailey21