Busy. Please wait.
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.

Remove Ads
Don't know
Know
remaining cards
Save
0:01
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards




share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Pharm Quiz 2

Pharmacology Chapter 4 Quiz

QuestionAnswer
what autonomic drugs produce xerostomia? anticholinergic
what do autonomic drugs used in dentistry do? (adverse effects) vasocontrictors, increase salivary flow
what other drugs have similar effects to autonomic drugs? antidepressants and antipsychotics
what are some body functions regulated by the autonomic nervous system? blood pressure, heart rate, GI motility, salivary gland secretions, bronchial smooth muscle
what are the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system? sympathetic nervous system (fight or slight) parasympathetic nervous system (rest and digest)
what are fibers found in both sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system afferent (sensory), central integrating areas, efferent (peripheral) motor, postganglionic motor fibers
where are the cell bodies originating from in the parasympathetic nervous system? cranial nerve 3, 7, 9, 10 as well as S2-S4 segments of the spinal cord
where are the cell bodies originating from in the sympathetic nervous system? T1-L2
what innervates the adrenal medulla? sympathetic preganglionic fibers
what does the adrenal medulla release? epinephrine and norepinephrine
what is mydriasis and which autonomic system causes it dilation of pupil size sympathetic
what is miosis and which autonomic system causes it constriction of public size parasympathetic
what are neurotransmitters chemicals released across the synaptic cleft in response to the nerve action potential to interact with receptors
what are the events of neurotransmitters synthesis, storage, release, receptor interaction, disposition
what are cholinergic nerves? release acetylcholine also stimulated by nicotine
in the parasympathetic nervous system, what neurotransmitter is release from the postganglionic nerve ending? acetylcholine or muscarine
in the sympathetic nervous system what neurotransmitter is released from the postganglionic nerve ending norepinephrine
what is a drug that acts at the location where acetylcholine is released as the neurotransmitter cholinergic
what is a drug that acts at the location where norepinephrine is the neurotransmitter adrenergic
what is a drug that acts at the location where parasympathetic autonomic nervous system acts parasympatho
what is a drug that acts at the location where the sympathetic autonomic nervous system acts sympatho
what is a drug that acts at the location where a division of the autonomic nervous system acts and produces the same effect as the neurotransmitter mimetic
mimetic drug is also know as a... agonist
what is a drug that acts at the location where a division of the autonomic nervous system acts and blocks the action of the neurotramitter lyticl blocker
lyticl blocker is also know as... antagonist
what is chronotropic? time or rate
what is inotropic contractility
what are the cholinergic effects on the cardiovascular system decrease blood pressure and cardiac output bradycardia
cholinergic effects on the GI tract smooth muscle and GI tract excitation increase in GI motility and activity and secretion
what is the term for when the eye becomes focused for distance and near vision is blurred cycloplegia
what are the cholinergic effects on the eyes? cycloplegia, decreased intra ocular pressure
what are the adverse reactions of cholinergic agents SLUD (salivation, lacrimation, urination and defecation) increase neuromuscular paralysis
what are the two insecticides that are cholinesterase inhibitors? pralidoxime and atropine
when do you NOT want to use cholenergic agents? bronchial asthma, hyperthyroidism, GI or UT tract obstruction, severe cardia disease, myasthenia gravis, peptic ulcer
when do you want to use cholenergic agents? glucoma, myasthenia gravis, urinary retention after surgery, pilocarpine, edrophonium
what are the effects of anticholinergic agents on central nervous system stimulation or depression depending on dosage
what is the anticholinergic sedation agent in therapeutic doses scopolamine
what is the anticholinergic stimulation agent in creased doses atropine
what is the effects of anticholinergic agents on exocrine glands decreased flow, decreased volume of secretions decreased salivary flow, increase dry field of vision
what are the anticholinergic agent effects on muscles smooth muscle relaxation, muscles in repiratory and GI tracts
what is used in the case of asthma and is an anticholinergic agent ipratropium
what is the eye effects when using anticholinergic agents mydriasis and cyclolegia
what is the cardiovascular effects of anticholinergic agents? tachycardia in large therapeutic doses bradycardia in small doses
what are the adverse reactions of anticholienrgic xerostomia, blurred vision, phtophobia, tachycardia, fever, urinary stasis, GI stasis, hyperpyrexia: hot, dry flushed skin
when do you not want to use anticholinergic agents? glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy, intestinal or urinary obstruction or retention, cardiovascular disease
what are the effects on nicotine decreased doses produce stimulation, increased doses produces paralysis increased heart rate, increase GI motility and secretions reduces blood flow the extremities
what are the direct acting sympathetic drugs epinephrine, norepinephrine and isoproterenol produce their effects directly on receptor site by stimulating receptor
what are the indirect acting sympathetic drugs amphetamines: release norepinephrine which then produces response
what are the mixed drugs of sympathetic nervous system ephedrine stimulates directly or releases norepinephrine which then causes response
what are alpha receptors in the sympathetic nervous system skin and skeletal muscles smooth muscle excitation, contraction leading to vasoconstriction
what are the beta receptors in the sympathetic nervous system beta 1 act on heart: increase inotropic and chronotropic effects beta 2 act on lungs: smooth muscle relaxation leading to vasodilation, bronchodilation
what are adrenergic sympathomimetic agents used for treatment of anaphylaxis, asthma and added to prolong vasoconstrictor actions in local anesthesia
what are the effects on salivary glands for adrenergic sympathomimetic effectors submaxillary and sublingual glands release a small amount of viscous saliva parotid gland: reduces resulting in xerostomia
what are the adverse reactions of adrenergic drugs anxiety, tremors, palpitations, arrhythmias, increased blood pressure,
what are the uses for sympathomimetic agents vasoconstriction causes prolonged action, hemostasis, and decongestion
what conditions are adrenergic agents used for cardiac arrest, emphysema, ADD and narcolepsy
what is epinephrine used for? asthma and anaphylaxis, cardiac arrest cases place in amber colored containers because light deteriorates it
what is phenylephrine used for? vasocontriction in cutaneous vessels, mydriatic used in nose sprays to decrease congestion
what is levonordefrin used for? vasoconstrictor added to local anesthesia effects resemble alpha receptor stimulation
what is isoproterenol used for? beta receptors action no longer used to treat bronchial asthma
what are ephedrine and pseudo ephedrine used for? alpha and beta activity, common colds and allergies can cause insomnia and nervousness
what are dopamine's used for treatment of shock, alpha and beta agonist
what is dipivefrin used for glaucoma, produces mydriasis chronic, open angle glaucoma
what is used to treat Raynaud's syndrome? phenocybenxamine and phentolamine can also diagnose phenochromocytoma
what do alpha adrenergic blocking agents cause? decrease in sympathetic tone in blood vessels leading to decrease in blood pressure which produces tachycadia
what is pheochromocytoma? tumor of the adrenal gland can cause anxiety, nausea, tremors, abdominal pain, weight loss
what does the suffix -olol usually indicate beta blocker
what do beta adrenergic blocking agents usually cause produce bradycardia and possible bronchoconstriction used in the treatment of arrythmias, angina and decrease blood pressure and migraines
what does propranolol cause decrease inotropic and chronotropic effects bronchocontrictions and hypoglycemia
what is labetolol? alpha and a beta blocker treatment of hypertension produces a decrease in blood pressure without reflex tachycardia
what do neuromuscular blocking drugs affects transmission between the motor nerve endings and the nicotinic receptors on the skeletal muscles
what is curare? neuromuscular blocking drug loss of diaphragmatic
what causes muscle fasciculations followed by paralysis succinylcholine
what does succinylcholine and halothane treat hyperthermia
what can succinylcholine produce hyperkalemia, cardia arrhythmias, increased intraoccular pressure
what is the drug used for malignant hyperthermia? Dantrolene
what are the effects of dantrolene bleeding, muscle aches, muscle rigidity, stiffness, quick rise in body temperature, dark brown urine
Created by: Chobchi