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Memory 1

pages 30 -32

Memory Process of retaining information about past events.
STM Memory for immediate events; limited time and disappear unless rehearsed.
LTM Memory for past events, anything from 2 minutes to 100 years - potentially unlimited duration and capacity.
Duration Measure of how long a memory lasts before it is no longer available.
Capacity Measure of the amount of information that can be held in memory, e.g. number of digits.
Encoding How information is changed so it can be stored in memory - information enters the brain via the senses and is then stored invisual, acoustic or semantic form.
Sensory Memory Information collected by the senses - eyes, ears, nose, skin.
Decay Gradual fading away of a memory trace which disintegrates over time and so is lost.
Mnemonic A strategy to help you remember things, e.g. using initials to make a memorable word.
Storage After encoding,information is stored in memory.
Retrieval This is when stored information - it involves recognition, recall and reconstruction.
Created by: m-g-m