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Geography Vocabulary


Latitude imaginary lines that circle the earth parallel to the Equator and measures the distance north and south of the Equator in degrees
Hemisphere half of a sphere
Cardinal Directions directions on a compass rose showing north, south, east, and west
Prime Meridian imaginary line of 0% longitude that circles the earth and splits the earth into the Western and Eastern Hemispheres
Key explains the lines, symbols, and colors on a map
Scale a measuring line which helps you figure distance on a map
Plain area of level land, usually at a low elevation and often covered with grass
Equator imaginary line of 0% latitude that circles the middle of the earth and splits the earth into the Northern and Southern Hemisphere
Globe a round scale model of the Earth
Longitude imaginary line that circles the earth from pole to pole and measures distance east and west from the Prime Meridian
Intermediate Directions directions on a compass rose showing northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest
Physical Map a map that shows land forms and water features
Political Map a map that shows the names and boundaries of countries
Historical Map a map that shows a region from a historical time in history, or shows information about a historical event
Basin area of land drained by a given river and its branches are surrounded by lands of higher elevation
Isthmus narrow stretch of land connecting two large land areas
Glacier large, thick body of slow moving ice
Delta flat, low-lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
Bay part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf
Mountain land with steep sides that rises sharply from surrounding land
Plateau area of flat or rolling land at high elevation
Gulf part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally larger and deeper than a bay
Sea large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land
Island land area, smaller than a continent, completely surrounded by water
Strait narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
Volcano mountain created as liquid rock or ash erupts from inside the earth
Peninsula body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water
Tributary small river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream
Natural Vegetation characteristic of a plant occurring naturally within a region
Thematic Map maps that show special topics in detail
Archipelago Group of Islands
Created by: KimberleyAWELCH