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leukemia malignant disease characterized by excessive increase in abnormal leukocytes formed in the blood marrow
lymph transparent, colorless, tissue fluid; contains lymphocytes and monocytes and flows in one-way direction to the heart
bone marrow transplant infusion of healthy bone marrow cells to a recipient with matching cells from a donor
mediastinum space between the lungs. contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, great blood vessels, and other structures
cor pulmonale serious cardiac disease associated with chronic lung disorders, such as emphysemia
hematuria blood in the urine
enuresis involuntary urination
prepuce fold of skin covering the glans penis in uncircumcised males (aka foreskin)
syphilis std caused by Treponema pallidum. may be acquired in utero or direct contact w infected tissue. 3 stages, local infection becomes systemic w/widespread dissemination of the bacterium
oligospermia condition of scanty sperm
testosterone principal male sex hormone. chief function is to stimulate the development of the mail reproductive organs and secondary sex characteristics
human papilloma virus caused by a viral infection. more than 40 types that cause benign or cancerous growths in male and female genitals (aka venereal warts)
spina bifida congenital defect in the vertebral column caused by the failure of the vertebral arch to close. protrusion of meninges or meninges and spinal cord called miningocele or meningomyelocele (aka rachischisis)
fetal alcohol syndrome caused by excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy. various birth defects including central nervous system dysfunction and malformations of the skull and face
vesiculectomy excision of the seminal vesicles
orchioplasty surgical repair of a testis
circumcision surgical removal of the prepuce
nephrolithotripsy surgical crushing of stones in the kidney
eponym term derived from the name of a person
fistula abnormal passageway between two organs or between an organ and the body surface
fundus rounded upper portion of the uterus or proximal domed portion of the stomach
jejunum second portion of the small intestine
abscess localization of pus
primigravada first pregnancy (a woman in her first pregnancy)
meconium first stool of the newborn
epigastric region superior to the umbilical region
dysmenorrhea painful mestrual flow
ceruminoma tumor of a gland that secretes earwax
laybrynth bony spaces within the temporal bone of the skull. contains the cochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibule (aka inner ear)
vertigo sense that either one's own body (subjective vertigo) or the environment (objective vertigo) is revolving; may indicate inner ear disease
otitis media inflammation of the middle ear (aka tympanitis)
frontal plane vertical plane passing through the body from side to side, divides into anterior and posterior halves
parasagittal plane vertical plane passing through the body from front to back, divides the body into unequal left and right sides
recumbent lying down in any position
intussusception telescoping of a segment of the intestine
hemochromatosis iron metabolism disorder that occurs when too much iron is absorbed from food, resulting in excessive deposits of iron in the tissue. can cause heart failure, diabetes, cirrhosis, or cancer of the liver
aphagia condition of without speaking (loss or the impairment of the ability to speak)
sialolith stone in the salivary gland
reflux abnormal backward flow (stomach contents flow back into the esophagus)
regional ileitis Crohn disease-chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and colon; characterized by cobblestone ulcerations and the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstructions
melena black, tarry stool that contains digested blood; usually result of bleeding in upper GI tract
exophthalmos abnormal protrusion of the eyeball
gigantism condition brought about by hypersecretion of growth hormone by the pituitary gland before puberty
leukocytes white blood cells that combat infection and respnd to inflammation (5 types of WBC)
veins blood vessels that carry blood back to the heart. all veins carry blood containing CO2 except pulmonary carries O2 from lungs to heart
arterioles smallest arteries
hypoglycemia lower blood sugar
hyperglycemia high blood sugar
metabolism sum total of all the chemical processes that take place in a living organism
goiter enlargement of the thyroid gland
prolactin-releasing hormone (PRH) promotes development of glandular tissue during pregnancy and produces milk after birth of an infant
hyperthyroidism state of excessive thyroid gland activity; signs and symptoms include weight loss, irritability, and heat intolerance
sebum oil secreted by the sebaceous glands
carcinoma in situ cancer in the early stage before invading surrounding tissue
system group of organs that work together to perform complex body functions
somatogenic originating in the body (organic as opposed to psychogenic)
neoplasm new growth (of abnormal tissue, benign or malignant)
vermiform appendix small pouch, which has no known function in digestion, attached to the cecum (aka appendix)
peristalsis involuntary wavelike contractions that propel food along the digestive tract
pyloric sphincter ring of muscle that guards the opening between the stomach and the duodenum
sigmoid colon fourth part of the colon, connects the descending colon to the rectum
villi tiny, fingerlike projections that line the walls of the small intestine
gout disease in which an excessive amount of uric acid in the blood causes sodium urate crystals to be deposited in the joints, producing arthritis
myasthenia gravis chronic disease characterized by muscle weakness and that to be caused by a defect in the transmission of impulses from nerve to muscle cell; no true paralysis of the muscles
cerebral angiography process of recording of the the blood vessels of the cerebrum
CT myelography process of recording the spinal cord; size, shape, and position are demostrated
hemiplegia paralysis of half (right or left side) of the body; stroke is most common cause
psychosis abnormal condition of the mind
schizophrenia any one of a large group of psychotic disorders; gross distortions of reality, disturbance of language and communication, withdrawal from social interaction, and the disorganization and fragmentation of thought, perception, and emotional reactio
cerebrospinal fluid clear, colorless fluid contained in the ventricles that flows through the subarachnoid space around the brain and spinal cord. cushions the brain from shock, transports nutrients, and clears metabolic waste
electroencephalography process of recording the electrical activity of the brain
multiple sclerosis chronic degenerative disease characterized by sclerotic patches along the brain and spinal cord
convulsion sudden, involuntary contraction of a group of muscles, may be present during a seizure
syncope fainting or sudden loss of consciousness caused by lack of blood supply to the cerebrum
phobia marked and persistent fear that is excessive or unreasonable cued by the presence or anticipation of a specific situation or object
monoparesis slight paralysis of one limb
autism spectrum of mental disorders, features include preoccupation with subjective mental activity, inability to interact socially, impaired communication
dsyphagia difficulty speaking
dorsal pertaining to the back
anatomic position standard, neutral frontal position; standing erect, arms at the side, palms of the hands facing forward, and feet placed side by side pointing anteriorly
distal pertaining to away (from the point of attachment of a body part)
anterior pertaining to the front
pulse oximetry noninvasive method of measuring oxygen in the blood by using a device that attaches to the fingertip
percussion the act of tappin of a body surface with the fingers to determine the density of the part beneath by the sound obtained. dull=fluid in a space or cavity
tuberculosis infectious bacterial disease, most commonly spread by inhalation of small particles and usually affecting the lungs; may spread to other organs
epistaxis nosebleed
ventilator mechanical device used to assist with or substitute for breathing
pneumoconiosis abnormal condition of dust in the lungs
bronchiectasis dilation of the bronchi
ventilation respiration, breathing
internal respiration body cells take on oxygen from the blood and simultaneously give back CO2
croup condition resulting from acute obstruction of the larynx; barking cough, hoarseness, and stridor. occurs mainly in children
pneumothorax air in the chest cavity which causes collapse of the lung (often caused by open chest wound)
pertussis highly contagious bacterial infection of the respiratory tract characterized by a crowing inspiration(aka whooping cough)
dyspnea difficult breathing
ureterostenosis narrowing of the ureter
azotemia urea in the blood; toxic condition resulting from disease of the kidney in which waste products are in the blood instead of excreted (aka uremia)
dysuria difficult or painful urination
hydronephrosis abnormal condition of water in the kidney
incontinence inability to control the bladder and/or bowels
pyelitis inflammation of the renal pelvis
cystocele protrusion of the bladder
renal failure loss of kidney function resulting in its inability to remove waste products from teh body and maintain electrolyte balance
nephroblastoma kidney tumor containing developing (germ) cells; malignant (aka Wilms tumor)
uremia blood in the urine
polyuria much urine
colpoperineorrhaphy suturing of the vagina and perineum (to mend perineal vaginal tears)
hysterectomy excision of the uterus
sentinel lymph node biopsy injection of blue dye used to identify the sentinel lymph nodes (1st in chain & most likely to contain metastasis of breast cancer). nodes are removed and examined
colpoplasty surgical repair of the vagina
cesarean section birth of a fetus through an incision in the mother's abdomen and uterus
amnioscopy visual exam of amniotic fluid
amniocentesis surgical puncture to aspirate amniotic fluid
phacomalacia softening of the lens
strabismus condition in which the eyes look in different directions (aka cross eyed)
lens lies directly behind the pupil; focus and bend light
blepharoptosis surgical repair of the eyelid
diaphysis shaft of the long bones
retina innermost layer of the eye, contains the vision receptors
myopia nearsightedness
chalazion obstruction of an oil gland of the eyelid
emmetropia normal refractive condition of the eye
carpal bones wrist bones
intercostal pertaining to between the ribs
tibia lower leg bone
eversion turning outward
intervertebral pertaining to between the vertebrae
femur upper leg bone
flexion movement in which a limb is bent
ulna lower arm bone
compound fracture broken bone, protrudes through the skin
hypertrophy excessive development
fbula lower leg bone
kyphosis abnormal condition of a hump
herniated disk rupture of the intervertebral disk cartilage which allows the contents to protrude through it, putting pressure on the spinal nerve roots
tenosynovitis inflammation of the tendon and the synovial membrane
spondylarthritis inflammation of the vertebral joints
polymyositis inflammation of many muscles
cranioschisis fissure of the cranium
diplopia double vision
fibroid tumor benign tumor of the uterine muscle
hemoglobin oxygen-carrying components, or a test used to determine the concentration of these components
gynatresia closure of a part of the female genital tract
karyoplasm substance of a nucleus
impetigo superficial skin infection characterized by pustules and caused by either staph or strep
jaundice yellow skin (aka xanthoderma)
mastitis inflammation of the breast
laminectomy excision of the lamina
onychomycosis abnormal condition of a fungus in the nails
pericarditis inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart
sputum mucous secretion from the lungs, bronchi, and trachea expelled through the mouth
radiculopathy disease of the nerve roots
thrombus blood clot
vasodilator agent or nerve that expands the blood vessels
angi/o vessel (blood vessel)
phleb/o vein
-ectomy excision or surgical removal
hydr/o water
necr/o death (cells, body)
medi/o middle
choledoch/o common bile duct
disps/o thirst
erythr/o red
cyan/o blue
lip/o fat
cheil/o lip
later/o side
bi- two
-stenosis constriction or narrowing
pneum/o lung, air
-megaly enlargement
episi/o vulva
cry/o cold
blephar/o eyelid
mandibul/o mandible (lower jawbone)
URI Upper Respiratory Infection
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
TURP Transurethral Resection of the prostate
EGD Esophagogastroduodenoscopy
PID Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
LLQ Left Lower Quadrant
RUQ Right Upper Quadrant
IBS Irritable Bowel Syndrome
T4 Thyroxine
TD Transdermal
RBC Red Blood Count
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
PET Positron Emission Tomography
AD Alzheimer disease
PA Physician's Assistant or posteroanterior
COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
ARDS Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome
VBAC Vaginal birth after cesarean section
fx Fracture
Created by: nallain