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Medical Terminology

Orange Module - Minor Surgery

QuestionAnswer
abrasion rubbing or scraping of the skin or mucous membranes
abscess localized collection of pus that may be located under the skin or deep within the body
absorbable suture surgical stitch that is left in the body; will absorb
acute having a rapid onset & severe symptoms, usually subsiding within a relatively short period of time
antiseptic substance that renders microorganisms harmless
approximation bringing together skin or wound edges
asepsis absence of contaminated materials
avulsion tissue forcibly torn away or separated from the body
bacteriocide agent that destroys pathogenic bacteria
biopsy small sample of tissue excised from the body for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
carrier unaffected person who can transmit infection to another person
caustic substance that burns or destroys organic tissue
chronic persisting for a long period of time
coagulum a blood clot
contamination soiled through contact with nonsterile materials
contusion a bruise
curettage scraping a body cavity with a curette
cyst sac of fluid or semisolid material located in or under the skin
debridement surgical removal of damaged, diseased, or contaminated tissue
disease a definite pathologic process having a descriptive set of signs & symptoms
disinfection destruction of pathogens by chemical or physical means
ethyl chloride topical anesthetic
fistula abnormal, tube-like passage within the body tissues
fomite inanimate object
furuncle boil
general anesthetic medication given to a patient to produce unconsciousness
hematoma localized collection of blood under the skin
hemostat instrument used to clamp blood vessels
incision wound with neat, clean edges
infection invasion & multiplication of microorganisms in body tissues causing injury & damage to the tissues
infiltration injecting medication into the skin
iodoform gauze slender strips of gauze covered with iodine; used as a wick to drain infection
irrigation flushing of a cavity or wound with a solution
laceration wound with jagged, irregular edges
lesion wound, sore, ulcer, tumor, or any traumatic tissue damage that causes a lack of tissue continuity or loss of function
lidocaine local anesthetic
littauer suture scissors scissors used to remove sutures
local anesthetic medication which produces a loss of sensation in a localized area
medical asepsis aseptic cleaning after use in the body
microorganisms microscopic living organisms
needle holders instruments used to place sutures in the body
nonabsorbable suture surgical stitch that must be removed from the body
pathogens disease producing microorganisms
permeable able to be passed or soaked through
polyps tumors frequently found in mucous membranes
puncture wound wound made from the piercing of the skin with a pointed object
resident bacteria bacteria found under fingernails, in hair follicles, & in the openings of sebaceous glands or deeper layers of the skin
sanitization reducing the number of microorganisms to a safe level
sclerostomy formation of an opening into the sclera
sebaceous cyst blockage of an oil gland causing a cyst
spore a thick walled cell formed within bacteria; capable of releasing a toxin
sterile field any surface containing sterile items
sterilization complete destruction of all forms of microbial life
suppuration production of purulent material
surgical asepsis sterilization before use in the body
tissue forceps instruments with teeth, used to grasp tissue
toxin a poisonous substance produced by pathogenic bacteria
transient bacteria surface bacteria that are introduced by fomites & remain with you a short time
vector fleas, mice, other rodents
virulent any infectious agent that produces pathogenic effects
Created by: ginaliane
 

 



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