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PT 201


CLASSSide EffectsCautions & ConsiderationsAuxiliary Labels
TCA Drowsiness, anticholinergic effects (dry mouth, blurred vision, constipation, and urinary retention Priapism (erection lasting longer than 4 hours) Cardio toxicity and heart arrhythmias. Postural hypotension, liver toxicity. Should not be taken with MAOIs, must wait two week before taking an MAOI May cause DROWSINESS use caution while driving
MAOI heart palpitations and postural hypotension, dizziness, Ha, tremors, insomnia, anxiety, restlessness, agitation, and anticholinergic effects MAOIs interact with tyramine, a substance found in aged and pickled foods. This interaction causes serotonin syndrome, a life-threatening condition involving a rapid heart rate, high blood pressure, Ha, and fever
Retinoid Topical Agents: burning, peeling, dry skin, redness, and itching. Oral Agent: depression, psychosis, pancreatitis, high triglycerides, and hepatotoxicity Isotretinoin cannot be used by women who are or might become pregnant
TCN Stomach upset, nausea, and vomiting, photosensitivity Tetracyclines will bind with metals and ions, such as calcium, aluminum, and magnesium, children under eight year old and pregnant women cannot use tetracyclines because permanent teeth problems could occur Avoid sun exposure Do not take with dairy products do not take with antacids
K Sparing/thiazide Thiazide: hypotension, dizziness, Ha, rash, hair loss, stomach upset, diarrhea, and constipation Potassium-sparing: gynesmastia Thiazide depletes potassium levels in the body . They also interact with alcohol to contribute to drops in blood pressure
SERM Dizziness, hot flashes, tingling, chest tightness, muscle aches, weakness, increased blood pressure, and sweating Patients with high blood pressure, heart disease, or angina should not take triptans because these drugs can worsen these conditions. MAOIs and ergotamine should not be taken with SERMs May cause dizziness
SNRI Nausea, Vomiting, Dry Mouth, Drowsiness, insomnia, Ha, and diarrhea, sexual dysfunction, including decreased libido, Serotonin syndrome occurs when too much serotonin is present, causing changes in cardiovascular function and even heart attack, in severe cases
SNRI inability to achieve orgasm, or impaired ejaculation . Fluoxetine can aslo cause weight loss, and is sometimes used for eating disorders, including bulimia If patients experience the combination of racing heart rate, fever, high blood pressure, and Ha, which may be signs of serotonin syndrome, the should seek immediate medical attention
Created by: cici008