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PT201

CH 1 Terminology

TermDefinition
Pharmacology the study of how drugs work inside the body for their intended purposes
physiology the study of normal body function  
pathophysiology the study of abnormal body processes or disease
pharmaceutics the study of how drugs are introduced to the body
pharmacokinetics the study of how drugs are absorbed into the bloodstream (absorption), circulated to tissues throughout the body (distribution), inactivated (metabolized), and eliminated from the bloodstream over time (metabolism and excretion
pharmacodynamics the study of drugs and their receptors on the molecular level
pharmacotherapeutics the study of how drugs are used in clinical practice for individual patients
Generic Drug Name the name given to a drug after its patent is approved, but before phase I clinical trials begin; usually the drug's name is somehow similar to others in the same class which exert the same activity
Brand Name the name given to a drug when it enters the market after phase III clinical trials; the name for which the manufacturer receives copyright/trademark rights and under which it markets the drug
Major Drug Classes a category of drugs grouped according to their mechanism of action
Therapeutic Classes individual drug classes lumped together according to their therapeutic use (for a specific condition/disease or on a particular body system)
ISMP (Institute for Safe Medication Practices) a nonprofit organization that educates the healthcare community and consumers about safe medication practices
Legend Drugs a medication that is available only by prescription (see also prescription drug)  
OTC Medications a medication that can be bought and used without a prescription  
Controlled Substances medication that has potential for abuse and dependence
Teratogenic drugs that can cause birth defects or malformations in a developing fetus
Medication Errors an event in which a patient is harmed (or potentially harmed) by a medication in some way that could have been prevented  
Dosage Form formulation by which a drug is delivered to the body
Systemic Effect the effect created when a drug must enter the bloodstream to reach its site of action
Routes Of Administration refers to the site in or on the body at which a drug is administered
Oral administering a drug by mouth (see also peroral)
Parenteral Routes a route of administration in which a drug is injected
IM a route of administration in which a drug is injected directly into a muscle  
IV a route of administration in which a drug is injected directly into a vein
SQ or SC a route of administration in which a drug is injected into the fatty tissue under the dermal layer of the skin and above the muscular tissue
IT and Epidural a route of administration in which a drug is injected between vertabrae in the spinal column  
ID a route of administration in which a drug is injected just underneath the top layer of the skin (epidermis)
Rectal a route of administration in which a drug is inserted into the rectum and allowed to melt or dissolve in place  
Transdermal a route of administration in which a drug delivery system is applied to the skin so that the drug can be slowly absorbed through the skin over time  
Implant a device inserted just below the skin to release a drug slowly over a long period of time (months to years)
Topical a route of administration used for drug that are not intended to be systemically absorbed; usually administered to the skin, lung tissue, eyes, or vagina
Dermal a route of administration in which a drug is applied topically to the skin  
Inhalation a route of administration in which a drug is delivered to the lungs by breathing it in through the mouth
Intranasal a route of administration in which a drug is sprayed into the nose  
Opthalmic a route of administration in which a drug is delivered topically to the eye
Otic a route of administration in which a drug is delivered into the external ear canal
Vaginal a route of administration in which a drug is delivered by inserting and applying medication into the vagina
Created by: cici008